(b Berlin, 5 Oct 1887; d Bad Liebenzell, nr Stuttgart, 14 Nov 1975).
German painter. He studied under Henry Van de Velde at the School of
the Fine Arts and Arts and Crafts of the Grand Duchy of Saxony
(later the Bauhaus, Weimar) (1906–7), and under Franz von Stuck at
the Akademie der Bildenden Künste, Munich (1909–10). He worked under
Adolf Hölzel at the Staatliche Akademie der Bildenden Künste in
Stuttgart from 1912, and by 1918 he had produced his first
non-objective works under the influence of the latter. Although
primarily an abstract painter he was briefly involved with Magic
Realism in the 1920s. He devised a type of colour abstraction, which
he called ‘Absolute Painting’, and in 1930 he founded a ‘Seminar for
Absolute Painting’ at the Volkshochschule in Stuttgart. Works such
as Painting XII (1949; Berlin, Alte N.G.) relied heavily on a body
of theory derived mainly from Hölzel and the colour theories of
Herabkunft der Musik
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