(b Northampton, 5 Oct 1917; d Gt Maplestead, Essex, 5 April 1984).
English sculptor and painter. He studied at the Northampton School
of Art from 1933 to 1944. During World War II he was employed as an
engineer, and after the war he spent two years teaching himself to
sculpt in wood. Though he had participated in various group
exhibitions during the war, it was not until 1947 that he had his
first one-man show, of sculpture, at the Gimpel Fils Gallery in
London. He also produced abstract paintings, but soon came to
specialize in sculpture. His early sculpture of this period, such as
Figure (1949–51; London, Tate), showed the influence of Henry Moore,
whose works he knew from photographs. These comprised forms
abstracted from natural objects, executed in wood, plaster and
stone. After his one-man show he made several extended trips to
Paris, where he became interested in the work of Brancusi and Julio
González. In 1950 he received a Rockefeller award from the Institute
of International Education to visit the USA. Having by then an
established reputation, he was also commissioned to produce a 3-m
high carving for the Festival of Britain in 1951.
Pierced bronze form I
TRANSFORMATION (OPUS 361) , 1974
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