(b before 1452; d between 15 April 1508 and 1512). Italian painter.
He was the leading painter of the Roman school during the 15th
century. His first recorded commission dates from 1461 when he made
a replica (untraced) of the miraculous Virgin and Child of St Luke
in S Maria Maggiore, Rome, for Alessandro Sforza, Lord of Pesaro; by
1464 he was working for the papal court. Antoniazzo was influenced
at first by the decorative manner of Benozzo signed and dated
Gozzoli and by the local painters of Lazio. The central figures in
his early signed and dated triptych of the Virgin and Child with
Saints (1464; Rieti, Mus. Civ.) appear animated but stiff and
artificially arranged. By the 1470s he had fully mastered the
representation of three-dimensional form, stimulated by his contact
with Melozzo da Forlì and Florentine artists. The Umbrian painters
Perugino and Bernardino Pinturicchio, who were working in Rome, also
influenced Antoniazzo; his figures acquired gentle expressions and
their garments were ornamented with decorative patterns.
Nevertheless, medieval features survived right into his later works.
The fresco of the Virgin and Child Enthroned (c. 1470; Rome, S Maria
della Consolazione) shows attention to the naturalism of form but
also retains the gold background befitting a miraculous image. The
signed triptych of the Virgin and Child with SS Peter and Paul and a
Donor (c. 1474–9; Fondi, S Pietro) demonstrates Antoniazzo’s skill
as a portrait painter. The donor (probably Onorato II Gaetani, Lord
of Fondi) is shown on a diminutive scale compared to the Virgin and
saints, yet his features are striking. Antoniazzo was one of the
three founders of the Compagnia di S Luca, the guild of painters in
Rome, and signed the statutes in 1478. He participated in the fresco
decoration of the Biblioteca Latina (now Biblioteca Apostolica) in
the Vatican Palace with Domenico Ghirlandaio in 1475 and with
Melozzo da Forlì in 1480–81.
Madonna and Child
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