Baroque and Rococo


Baroque and Rococo Art Map

Ludovico Carracci


Ludovico [Lodovico] Carracci

(b Bologna, bapt 19 April 1555; d Bologna, 13 or 14 Nov 1619).

Painter, draughtsman and etcher. His father, Vincenzo Carracci, was a butcher, whose profession may be alluded to in Ludovico’s nickname ‘il Bue’ (It.: ‘the Ox’), though this might also be a reference to the artist’s own slowness. Ludovico’s style was less classical than that of his younger cousins Agostino and Annibale, perhaps because of a mystical turn of mind that gave his figures a sense of other-worldliness. Like his cousins, he espoused the direct study of nature, especially through figure drawing, and was inspired by the paintings of Correggio and the Venetians. However, there survives in his work, more than in that of his cousins, a residue of the Mannerist style that had dominated Bolognese painting for most of the mid-16th century. Ludovico maintained a balance between this Mannerist matrix, his innate religious piety and the naturalism of the work of his cousins. With the exception of some travels during his training and a brief visit to Rome in 1602, Ludovico’s career was spent almost entirely in Bologna. In the first two decades of the 17th century he lost touch with the activities of his more up-to-date Bolognese compatriots—contemporaries and pupils alike—who were then active in Rome, including his cousin Annibale. Ludovico’s later work became overblown and eccentric. This curious ‘gigantism’ was first evidenced in paintings of the late 1590s, but the tendency seems to have been reinforced by the monumental classicism of Annibale’s ceiling of the Galleria Farnese in the Palazzo Farnese, Rome, which Ludovico saw on his visit in 1602. In spite of his isolation in Bologna, Ludovico strongly influenced the subsequent development of painting in his native city and elsewhere, especially through his pupils, who included Guido Reni, Giacomo Cavedone, Francesco Albani, Domenichino and Alessandro Algardi.



The Dream of Saint Catherine of Alexandria

c. 1593
Oil on canvas
National Gallery of Art, Washington


The Dream of Saint Catherine of Alexandria
c. 1593
Oil on canvas
National Gallery of Art, Washington



Bargellini Madonna

Oil on canvas, 282 x 188 cm
Pinacoteca Nazionale, Bologna




Le Mariage de la Vierge
Londres, National Gallery


The Martyrdom of St Margaret

Oil on canvas
Cappella di Santa Margherita, S. Maurizio, Mantua


An Angel Frees the Souls of Purgatory

c. 1610
Oil on canvas, 44 x 51 cm
Pinacoteca, Vatican


The Trinity with the Dead Christ

c. 1590
Oil on canvas, 173 x 127 cm
Pinacoteca, Vatican


The Virgin Appearing to St Hyacinth

Oil on canvas, 375 x 223 cm
Musee du Louvre, Paris


Susannah and the Elders



St Sebastian Thrown into the Cloaca Maxima
J. Paul Getty Museum


St Cecilia


Bologna, Pinacoteca Nazionale


The Stories of Jason
Palazzo Fava, Bologna


Conversion of Saint Paul


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