Baroque and Rococo

 


Baroque and Rococo Art Map


 


Guido Reni
 




 

Guido Reni

born Nov. 4, 1575, Bologna, Papal States [Italy]
died Aug. 18, 1642, Bologna


early Italian Baroque painter noted for the classical idealism of his renderings of mythological and religious subjects.

First apprenticed to the Flemish painter Denis Calvaert at the age of 10, Reni was later influenced by the novel naturalism of the Carracci, a Bolognese family of painters. In 1599 he was received into the guild of painters, and after 1601 he divided his time between his studios in Bologna and Rome. Upon gaining prominence Reni surrounded himself with helpers—such as Giovanni Lanfranco, Francesco Albani, and Antonio Carracci—who were fascinated by his noble if somewhat tyrannical personality.

In his early career Reni executed important commissions for Pope Paul V and Scipione Cardinal Borghese, painting numerous frescoes in chapels for these and other patrons. Among these works is the celebrated fresco “Aurora” (1613–14). In his religious and mythological paintings, Reni evolved a style that tempered Baroque exuberance and complexity with classical restraint. Such compositions as “Atalanta and Hippomenes” (1625) show his preference for gracefully posed figures that mirror antique ideals. In the later part of his career, Reni employed lighter tones, softer colours, and extremely free brushwork.

Except for the work of the Carracci family, the frescoes of Raphael and ancient Greek sculptures were the main inspiration for Reni's art. He strove toward a classical harmony in which reality is presented in idealized proportions. The mood of his paintings is calm and serene, as are the studied softness of colour and form. His religious compositions made him one of the most famous painters of his day in Europe, and a model for other Italian Baroque artists.



 


Charity
oil on canvas
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York


 

 


The Coronation of the Virgin
1626
oil on brass
Musee Bonnat, Bayonne, France


 


The Penitent Magdalene

1635
Oil on canvas, 91 x 74 cm
Walters Art Museum, Baltimore



 

St Mary Magdalene

1633
Oil on canvas, 234 x 151 cm
Galleria Nazionale d'Arte Antica, Rome



 

St Matthew and the Angel

1635-40
Oil on canvas, 85 x 68 cm
Pinacoteca, Vatican



 

Joseph and Potiphar's Wife

c. 1631
Oil on canvas, 227 x 195 cm
Pushkin Museum, Moscow



 

The Rape of Helena

1631
Oil on canvas
Musée du Louvre, Paris



 

Reclining Venus with Cupid

c. 1639
Oil on canvas, 136 x 174 cm
Gemaldegalerie, Dresden



 

St Jerome

c. 1635
Oil on canvas, 278 x 238 cm
Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna
 
 

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