Dictionary of Art and Artists



 

 


History of

Architecture and Sculpture

 
 

 

 
 

 
 

CONTENTS:

 
 

PART ONE
THE ANCIENT WORLD
PREHISTORIC ART
EGYPTIAN ART

ANCIENT NEAR EASTERN ART
AEGEAN ART
GREEK ART
ETRUSCAN ART
ROMAN ART
EARLY CHRISTIAN AND BYZANTINE ART

PART TWO
THE MIDDLE AGES
EARLY MEDIEVAL ART
ROMANESQUE ART
GOTHIC ART

PART THREE
THE RENAISSANCE THROUGH THE ROCOCO
LATE GOTHIC
THE EARLY RENAISSANCE IN ITALY
THE HIGH RENAISSANCE IN ITALY
MANNERISM AND OTHER TRENDS
THE RENAISSANCE IN THE NORTH
THE BAROQUE IN ITALY AND SPAIN
THE BAROQUE IN FLANDERS AND HOLLAND
THE BAROQUE
THE ROCOCO

PART FOUR
THE MODERN WORLD
NEOCLASSICISM AND ROMANTICISM
REALISM AND IMPRESSIONISM
POST-IMPRESSIONISM, SYMBOLISM, AND ART NOUVEAU

PART FIVE
TWENTIETH-CENTURY
TWENTIETH-CENTURY SCULPTURE
TWENTIETH-CENTURY ARCHITECTURE


INDEX
FIGURES
 

 
 

 

CHAPTER FIVE
 

THE RENAISSANCE IN THE NORTH
 

Painting
Architecture and Sculpture - Part 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

 
 


SCULPTURE
 



Tilman Riemenschneider

 


Tilman Riemenschneider. Self-portrait


Tilman Riemenschneider

Tilman Riemenschneider, (born c. 1460, Heilgenstadt or Osterode, Domain of the Teutonic Order [Germany]—died July 7, 1531, Würzburg), master sculptor whose wood portrait carvings and statues made him one of the major artists of the late Gothic period in Germany; he was known as the leader of the Lower Franconia school.

Riemenschneider was the son of the mint master of Würzburg, and the younger Riemenschneider opened a highly successful workshop there in 1483. As a civic leader he was councillor (1504–20) and burgomaster (1520–25). During the Peasants’ Revolt (1525), he sympathized with the revolutionaries and was imprisoned for a short time, during which he temporarily lost his civic responsibilities and patrons.

His first documented work was the altar for the Münnerstadt parish church (1490–92), which was later dismantled. He had a continuous flow of commissions; his major work, the Altar of the Virgin (c. 1505–10) in Herrgotts Church at Creglingen, is a wood altar, 32 feet (10 metres) high, depicting the life of Mary. Riemenschneider employed numerous assistants on the massive monument, but he executed the dominant life-size figures himself. Other major works are Adam and Eve, stone figures from the Würzburg Lady Chapel; the Altar of the Holy Blood (1501–05), in St. Jakob, Rothenburg; and the Tomb of Henry II and Kunigunde (1499–1513), in Bamberg Cathedral.

Although wood was his major medium, he also created pieces in marble, limestone, and alabaster. The sharply folded, flowing drapery on Riemenschneider’s figures make his work easily identifiable. His later years in Kitzingen were spent restoring altarpieces and carving.


Encyclopædia Britannica
 

 




Tilman Riemenschneider. Saint Barbara.
Bayerisches Nationalmuseum





Tilman Riemenschneider. Holy Blood.
Altar in Rothenburg ob der Tauber





Tilman Riemenschneider. Last Supper detail from Holy Blood Altar in Rothenburg ob der Tauber





Tilman Riemenschneider. Assumption of the Virgin
1505-10
Limewood
Herrgottskirche, Creglingen-am-Tauber







Tilman Riemenschneider. A Female Saint
about 1515-1520





Tilman Riemenschneider. Lamentation, c. 1510.
Limewood. Parish of Saints Peter and Paul, Grossostheim





Tilman Riemenschneider. Madonna and Child, carved linden wood.





Tilman Riemenschneider. The Annunciation





Tilman Riemenschneider. Mary Magdalen with two Angels
1490-92
Unpainted wood, height: 187 cm
Bayerisches Nationalmuseum, Munich



Tilman Riemenschneider. Noli me tangere
1490-92
Limewood
Parish Church, Münnerstadt


Tilman Riemenschneider. Adam and Eve
1491-93
Sandstone
Mainfränkisches Museum, Würzburg



Tilman Riemenschneider. St John
1505-10
Unpainted wood, height: 56 cm
Bayerisches Nationalmuseum, Munich



Tilman Riemenschneider. Tomb of Rudolf von Scherenbergs (detail)
c. 1495
Stone
Dom, Würzburg



Tilman Riemenschneider. Salome
1500-10
Limewood, half life-size
Victoria and Albert Museum, London




Tilman Riemenschneider. Lamentation of Christ, Altar,  Maidbronn, Germany

 
 

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