Dictionary of Art and Artists



 

 


History of

Architecture and Sculpture

 
 

 

 
 

 
 

CONTENTS:

 
 

PART ONE
THE ANCIENT WORLD
PREHISTORIC ART
EGYPTIAN ART

ANCIENT NEAR EASTERN ART
AEGEAN ART
GREEK ART
ETRUSCAN ART
ROMAN ART
EARLY CHRISTIAN AND BYZANTINE ART

PART TWO
THE MIDDLE AGES
EARLY MEDIEVAL ART
ROMANESQUE ART
GOTHIC ART

PART THREE
THE RENAISSANCE THROUGH THE ROCOCO
LATE GOTHIC
THE EARLY RENAISSANCE IN ITALY
THE HIGH RENAISSANCE IN ITALY
MANNERISM AND OTHER TRENDS
THE RENAISSANCE IN THE NORTH
THE BAROQUE IN ITALY AND SPAIN
THE BAROQUE IN FLANDERS AND HOLLAND
THE BAROQUE
THE ROCOCO

PART FOUR
THE MODERN WORLD
NEOCLASSICISM AND ROMANTICISM
REALISM AND IMPRESSIONISM
POST-IMPRESSIONISM, SYMBOLISM, AND ART NOUVEAU

PART FIVE
TWENTIETH-CENTURY
TWENTIETH-CENTURY SCULPTURE
TWENTIETH-CENTURY ARCHITECTURE


INDEX
FIGURES
 

 
 

 
 

CHAPTER SIX
 

THE BAROQUE IN ITALY AND SPAIN
 

PAINTING
ARCHITECTURE AND SCULPTURE - Part 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13,14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26

 
 


ARCHITECTURE AND SCULPTURE
 


Massimiliano Soldani-Benzi.

 

Massimiliano Soldani-Benzi or Massimiliano Soldani (15 July 1656 23 February 1740) was an Italian sculptor and medallist, mainly active in Florence.

Born at Montevarchi, the son of an aristocratic Tuscan cavalry captain, Soldani was employed by the Medici for his entire career. He was the finest bronze caster in Europe in the late 17th century. He began training in the Medici school in Florence, and attracted the attention of the Grand Duke Cosimo III de' Medici who sent Soldani-Benzi to Rome to complete his training in sculpture and coin-making. During his four years in Rome, Cosimo forbad him to work for others, although Queen Christina of Sweden wanted to commission work from him. After his return from Rome, Cosimo sent the artist to work with a famous medallist in Paris. Again in deference to Cosimo, Soldani-Benzi refused overtures from Louis XIV and, cutting short his visit, returned to Florence, where he was made director of the Grand-ducal Mint (Maestro dei Coni), and had a workshop in the Uffizi. The Medicis had been equally possessive of his predecessor Giambologna.

Though trained as a medallist, Soldani-Benzi also produced bronze reliefs, and free-standing figures and busts, often after the antique, and apparently, even bronze vases. Klaus Lankheit recognized in a small bronze Pietà attributed to Soldani at the Walters Art Museum a "balanced triangular composition" that is "almost a relief in form" and suggested that it had been composed first as a relief; A more elaborate version, with additional figures, in the Kress collection at the Seattle Art Museum, was identified as by Soldani by Ultich Middeldorf. A second table bronze, Venus and the Wounded Adonis, on a richly-mounted ebony base raised on bronze paw feet, is also at the Walters Art Museum. For Johann Josef Johann Adam, Prince of Liechtenstein, he produced a series of bronze copies of works of the Medici collection.

At rare intervals he exhibited terra cotta bozzetti at the irregularly staged exhibitions of the Accademia del Disegno, Florence: in 1715 a Pietà in terracotta by "Sig. M.S."[8] A major document for his career is his autobiography, dated 1718, correspondence, and the inventory taken after his death.

After his death his heirs sold some of his wax models to marchese Carlo Ginori, who had them adapted by his chief modeller, Gaspero Bruschi, and reproduced in porcelain at his Doccia porcelain manufactory near Florence. Thus Soldani's Apollo in His Chariot, Venus Plucking the Wings of Cupid and Virtue Overpowering Vice all exist as Doccia porcelain groups.

A highly-finished terracotta relief, Agony in the Garden of Gethsemane, doubtless intended as a modello to be cast in bronze as a private devotional work, is conserved in the Metropolitan Museum of Art.

 


Massimiliano Soldani-Benzi. Venus and Adonis
Italian, about 1700


Massimiliano Soldani-Benzi. Andromeda and the Sea-Monster
1710-1716

 


Massimiliano Soldani-Benzi. Leda and the Swan
1710-1716

 


Massimiliano Soldani-Benzi. Leda and the swan

 


Massimiliano Soldani-Benzi. The Sacrifice of Jephthah's Daughter, 1722

 


Massimiliano Soldani-Benzi. Wrestlers after the antique Soldani, Massimiliano Heim Gallery, London, England


Massimiliano Soldani-Benzi. Diana and Callisto
1695-1700
Bronze with dark-brown lacquer patina, height 41 cm
Liechtenstein Museum, Vienna


Massimiliano Soldani-Benzi. The Judgment of Paris
1695-1700
Bronze, dark-brown painted patina, height 38 cm
Liechtenstein Museum, Vienna




Massimiliano Soldani-Benzi. Mercury Soldani
Massimiliano Heim Gallery, London, England


Massimiliano Soldani-Benzi. Faun Playing Pipes Soldani, Massimiliano Heim Gallery, London, England

 


Massimiliano Soldani-Benzi. Triumph of Virtue over Vice
1701-06
Bronze, dark brown lacquer patina, height 31 cm
Liechtenstein Museum, Vienna


Massimiliano Soldani-Benzi. Bacchus and Ariadne Soldani
Massimiliano Heim Gallery, London, England

 


Massimiliano Soldani-Benzi. Medici Venus
1699-1702
Bronze with red-brown lacquer patina, height 158 cm
Liechtenstein Museum, Vienna

 


Massimiliano Soldani-Benzi. Bacchus
1699-1701
Bronze, red-brown lacquer patina, height 198 cm
Liechtenstein Museum, Vienna



Massimiliano Soldani-Benzi. Dancing Satyr


Massimiliano Soldani-Benzi. Faun with Clappers Soldani, Massimiliano Blenheim Palace, Oxfordshire, England




Massimiliano Soldani-Benzi. Medici Venus Soldani, Massimiliano Blenheim Palace, Oxfordshire, England



Massimiliano Soldani-Benzi. Medici Venus Attributed to Soldani, Massimiliano Heim Gallery, London, England



Massimiliano Soldani-Benzi. Venus Chastising Cupid Soldani
Massimiliano Heim Gallery, London, England

 
 

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