Dictionary of Art and Artists



 

 


History of

Architecture and Sculpture

 
 

 

 
 

 
 

CONTENTS:

 
 

PART ONE
THE ANCIENT WORLD
PREHISTORIC ART
EGYPTIAN ART

ANCIENT NEAR EASTERN ART
AEGEAN ART
GREEK ART
ETRUSCAN ART
ROMAN ART
EARLY CHRISTIAN AND BYZANTINE ART

PART TWO
THE MIDDLE AGES
EARLY MEDIEVAL ART
ROMANESQUE ART
GOTHIC ART

PART THREE
THE RENAISSANCE THROUGH THE ROCOCO
LATE GOTHIC
THE EARLY RENAISSANCE IN ITALY
THE HIGH RENAISSANCE IN ITALY
MANNERISM AND OTHER TRENDS
THE RENAISSANCE IN THE NORTH
THE BAROQUE IN ITALY AND SPAIN
THE BAROQUE IN FLANDERS AND HOLLAND
THE BAROQUE
THE ROCOCO

PART FOUR
THE MODERN WORLD
NEOCLASSICISM AND ROMANTICISM
REALISM AND IMPRESSIONISM
POST-IMPRESSIONISM, SYMBOLISM, AND ART NOUVEAU

PART FIVE
TWENTIETH-CENTURY
TWENTIETH-CENTURY SCULPTURE
TWENTIETH-CENTURY ARCHITECTURE


INDEX
FIGURES
 

 
 

 
 

CHAPTER SIX
 

THE BAROQUE IN ITALY AND SPAIN
 

PAINTING
ARCHITECTURE AND SCULPTURE - Part 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13,14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26

 
 


ARCHITECTURE AND SCULPTURE
 


Camillo Rusconi.


Camillo Rusconi (14 July 1658 – 1728) was an Italian sculptor of the late Baroque in Rome. His style displays both features of Baroque and Neoclassicism. He has been described as a Carlo Maratta in marble.

Initially trained in his hometown of Milan with Giuseppe Rusnati. By 1685-1686, he had moved to Rome and into the studio of Ercole Ferrata, who died within a year or two of his arrival. Rusconi's talent attracted commissions, for example, for plaster allegorical statues depicting four virtues (prudence, justice, temperance, and strength) for the Ludovisi chapel in the church of Sant'Ignazio. He then worked alongside Le Gros in sculpting angels for the tympanum of the altar of Saint Ignatius at the Church of the Gesù.

Camillo’s masterpieces are the four larger-than-life apostles (Matthew, James the Great, Andrew, and John) completed during 1708-1718 for the niches in San Giovanni in Laterano. This sculptural program was the major such project in the Rome of his day. The other main sculptors for the project, Le Gros and Pierre-Etienne Monnot, each only garnered two apostles. Pope Clement XI had established a committee to select the artists, and included Carlo Fontana and Rusconi's friend, Carlo Maratta, in the panel. The classical restraint of the figures was to set a trend toward neoclassicism.

Other works include some of the architectural decoration for San Silvestro in Capite, San Salvatore in Lauro, and for the Chiesa Nuova (Santa Maria in Vallicella). He also completed the tomb of Pope Gregory XIII (1715 - 1723) for the St. Peter's; the tomb of Bartolomeo Corsino in San Giovanni in Laterano, and of the principe Alessandro Sobieski in the church of Santa Maria della Concezione. He also complete the portrait of Giulia Albani degli Olivieri, the powerful aunt of Clement XI, (presently in the Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna.

Among his pupils were Pietro Bracci, Giovanni Battista Maini, and Filippo della Valle. In 1727, he was named principe of the Accademia di San Luca.

 



Camillo Rusconi. St John the Evangelist
Hermitage Museum, Saint Petersburg, Russia




Camillo Rusconi. St Andrew
1708-09
Marble, height 425 cm
San Giovanni in Laterano, Rome


Camillo Rusconi. Fortitude
1685-86
Stucco
Ludovisi Chapel, Sant'Ignazio, Rome




Camillo Rusconi. Halbfigur Giulia Albani degli Abati Olivieri, Rom, 1719



Camillo Rusconi. Tomb of Gregory XIII (detail)
1719-25
Marble
Basilica di San Pietro, Vatican


Camillo Rusconi. Tomb of Gregory XIII (detail)





Camillo Rusconi. Tomb of Gregory XIII (detail)

 


Camillo Rusconi. Tomb of Gregory XIII (detail)





Camillo Rusconi. Tomb of Gregory XIII (detail)

 


Camillo Rusconi. St James the Great
1715-18
Marble, height 425 cm
San Giovanni in Laterano, Rome


Camillo Rusconi. St John the Evangelist
1715-18
Marble, height 425 cm
San Giovanni in Laterano, Rome




Camillo Rusconi. Saint Matthieu Louvre Museum, Paris


Camillo Rusconi. Apostle St Matthew
1708-18
Marble
San Giovanni in Laterano, Rome




Camillo Rusconi. Allegory of Winter (Boy with a Bird) Hermitage Museum, Saint Petersburg, Russia
Camillo Rusconi. Allegory of Summer

 
 

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