Dictionary of Art and Artists



 

 


History of

Architecture and Sculpture

 
 

 

 
 

 
 

CONTENTS:

 
 

PART ONE
THE ANCIENT WORLD
PREHISTORIC ART
EGYPTIAN ART

ANCIENT NEAR EASTERN ART
AEGEAN ART
GREEK ART
ETRUSCAN ART
ROMAN ART
EARLY CHRISTIAN AND BYZANTINE ART

PART TWO
THE MIDDLE AGES
EARLY MEDIEVAL ART
ROMANESQUE ART
GOTHIC ART

PART THREE
THE RENAISSANCE THROUGH THE ROCOCO
LATE GOTHIC
THE EARLY RENAISSANCE IN ITALY
THE HIGH RENAISSANCE IN ITALY
MANNERISM AND OTHER TRENDS
THE RENAISSANCE IN THE NORTH
THE BAROQUE IN ITALY AND SPAIN
THE BAROQUE IN FLANDERS AND HOLLAND
THE BAROQUE
THE ROCOCO

PART FOUR
THE MODERN WORLD
NEOCLASSICISM AND ROMANTICISM
REALISM AND IMPRESSIONISM
POST-IMPRESSIONISM, SYMBOLISM, AND ART NOUVEAU

PART FIVE
TWENTIETH-CENTURY
TWENTIETH-CENTURY SCULPTURE
TWENTIETH-CENTURY ARCHITECTURE


INDEX
FIGURES
 

 
 

 
 

CHAPTER SEVEN
 

THE BAROQUE IN FLANDERS AND HOLLAND
 

PAINTING
ARCHITECTURE AND SCULPTURE - Part 1, 2, 3, 4

 
 


ARCHITECTURE AND SCULPTURE

 


Guillaume de Bruyn
Grande Place, Brussel, fasade

ARCHITECTURE IN FLANDERS

Following Antwerp's conversion from an outpost of Calvinism — the Christian doctrines as interpreted by the French protestant reformer and theologian John Calvin (1509-64) - into a bastion of the Counter-Reformation, two new churches were built: the church of St Augustine (begun 1615) by Wenzel Coebergher (c. 1560-1634) and the Jesuit Church, now St Charles Borromeo (c. 1615-25), by the architects Franciscus Aguillon (1567-1617) and Pieter Huyssens (1577-1637), possibly with the help of Rubens. He also provided the drawings for the statues on the facade as well as the entire decoration of the ceiling (destroyed in a fire in 1718) and various paintings. The espousal of an extravagant Baroque style by Flemish architects is evident in the church of St Michael in Louvain (1650-71), designed by the Jesuit Willem van Hess (1601-90). There, references to Italian churches (notably the Gesu in Rome) and rich decoration are combined with an emphasis on height and verticality which shows the continuing influence of Gothic taste. The houses in the Grande Place, Brussels, most of which were designed by Guillaume de Bruyn (1649-1719), have exuberant exterior decoration grafted onto a more traditional and deeply rooted Flemish style.
 

François d'Aguilon (also d'Aguillon or in Latin Franciscus Aguilonius) (4 January 1567, Brussels – 20 March 1617, Tournai), was a Belgian Jesuit mathematician, physicist and architect.

He became a Jesuit in 1586. In 1611, he started a special school of mathematics, in Antwerp, which intended to perpetuate the mathematical research and study in the Jesuit society. This school produced geometers like André Tacquet and Jean Charles della Faille.

Illustration by Rubens for "Opticorum libri sex philosophis juxta ac mathematicis utiles", by François d'Aiguillon. It demonstrates how the projection is computed.His book, Opticorum Libri Sex philosophis juxta ac mathematicis utiles (Six Books of Optics, useful for philosophers and mathematicians alike), published in Antwerp in 1613, was illustrated by famous painter Peter Paul Rubens. It was notable for containing the principles of the stereographic and the orthographic projections, and it inspired the works of Desargues and Christiaan Huygens.

 

 


Franciscus Aguillon and Pieter Huyssens
St Ignatius, now St Charles Borromeo,
interior, Antwerp
 


Pieter Huyssens
Church of St.Charles Borromeo, Antwerp
1615-1623
 


Pieter Huyssens
Church of St.Charles Borromeo, Antwerp
1615-1623
 

 


Jesuit Willem van Hess and Jan Steen
Jesus Church (now St Michael's),
fasade, Louvain

 



Lucas Faydherbe
 


Lucas Faydherbe
 

(b Mechelen, 19 Jan 1617; d Mechelen, 31 Dec 1697).

Flemish sculptor and architect. His father, Hendrik Faydherbe (1574–1629), a painter and sculptor, died when Lucas Faydherbe was 12, so it was his stepfather, Maximiliaan Labbé (d 1675), who between 1631 and 1634 trained him as a sculptor. Faydherbe then travelled to Antwerp to continue his training in the studio of Peter Paul Rubens, under whose guidance he executed a number of ivory-carvings, such as Leda and the Swan (Paris, Louvre). Abandoning a planned trip to Italy, Faydherbe in 1640 married and settled in Mechelen.

 

 


Lucas Faydherbe. Madonna and the Infant Jesus
Carrara marble, 68 x 36 x 40 cm
Rockox House, Antwerp
 

 



Lucas Faydherbe. Recombant figure of Gillon-Othons de Trazegnies and his spouse Jacqueline de Lalaing, 1669.
Trazegnies (Belgium), St. Martin church
 



Lucas Faydherbe. Recombant figure of Gillon-Othons de Trazegnies and his spouse Jacqueline de Lalaing, 1669.
Trazegnies (Belgium), St. Martin church
 




Lucas Faydherbe. Monument to the Berthout Family
1650s
Marble
Saint Rombout Cathedral, Mechelen


Lucas Faydherbe. Christ in Chains
Marble
Church, Hanswijk


Lucas Faydherbe. Tomb of Archbishop André Cruesen
1660
Marble
Saint Rombout Cathedral, Mechelen


Lucas Faydherbe. Tomb of Archbishop André Cruesen (detail)
1660
Marble
Saint Rombout Cathedral, Mechelen


Lucas Faydherbe. Tomb of Archbishop André Cruesen (detail)
1660s
Marble
Saint Rombout Cathedral, Mechelen



Lucas Faydherbe. The Fall of Christ under the Cross
Marble
Church, Hanswijk



Lucas Faydherbe. Jupiter Casting a Thunderbolt
1645-55
Musees Royaux des Beaux-Arts, Brussels


 


Lucas Faydherbe. Main Altar
Marble
Saint Rombout Cathedral, Mechelen

 
 

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