Dictionary of Art and Artists



 

 


History of

Architecture and Sculpture

 
 

 

 
 

 
 

CONTENTS:

 
 

PART ONE
THE ANCIENT WORLD
PREHISTORIC ART
EGYPTIAN ART

ANCIENT NEAR EASTERN ART
AEGEAN ART
GREEK ART
ETRUSCAN ART
ROMAN ART
EARLY CHRISTIAN AND BYZANTINE ART

PART TWO
THE MIDDLE AGES
EARLY MEDIEVAL ART
ROMANESQUE ART
GOTHIC ART

PART THREE
THE RENAISSANCE THROUGH THE ROCOCO
LATE GOTHIC
THE EARLY RENAISSANCE IN ITALY
THE HIGH RENAISSANCE IN ITALY
MANNERISM AND OTHER TRENDS
THE RENAISSANCE IN THE NORTH
THE BAROQUE IN ITALY AND SPAIN
THE BAROQUE IN FLANDERS AND HOLLAND
THE BAROQUE
THE ROCOCO

PART FOUR
THE MODERN WORLD
NEOCLASSICISM AND ROMANTICISM
REALISM AND IMPRESSIONISM
POST-IMPRESSIONISM, SYMBOLISM, AND ART NOUVEAU

PART FIVE
TWENTIETH-CENTURY
TWENTIETH-CENTURY SCULPTURE
TWENTIETH-CENTURY ARCHITECTURE


INDEX
FIGURES

 

 
 

 
 

CHAPTER TWO
 

TWENTIETH-CENTURY SCULPTURE
 

 
SCULPTURE BEFORE WORLD WAR I
SCULPTURE BETWEEN THE WARS - Part1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
SCULPTURE SINCE 1945 - Part1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15
 
 


SCULPTURE

 


SCULPTURE SINCE 1945

 


Environments and Installations




Edward Kienholz.

Some environments can have a shattering impact on the viewer. This is certainly true of The State Hospital (fig.
1164) by the West Coast artists Edward Kienholz (1927-1994) and Nancy Kienholz (born 1944), which shows a cell in a ward for senile patients with a naked old man strapped to the lower bunk. He is the victim of physical cruelty, which has reduced what little mental life he had in him almost to the vanishing point. His body is little more than a skeleton covered with leathery, discolored skin, and his head is a glass bowl with live goldfish, of whom we catch an occasional glimpse. The horrifying realism of the scene even has an olfactory dimension. When the work was displayed at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, it exuded a sickly hospital smell. But what of the figure in the upper bunk? It almost duplicates the one below, with one important difference: it is a mental image, since it is enclosed in the outline of a comic-strip balloon rising from the goldfish bowl. It represents, then, the patient's awareness of himself. The abstract devices of the balloon and the metaphoric goldfish bowl are both alien to the realism of the scene as a whole; yet they play an essential part in it, for they help to break the grip of horror and pity. They make us think as well as feel. The Kienholzes' means may be Pop, but their aim is that of Greek tragedy. As witnesses to the unseen miseries beneath the surface of modern life, they have no equal.



1164.
Edward Kienholz and Nancy Kienholz.  The State Hospital.
1966. Mixed mediums, 2.4 x 3.7 x 3.1 m.
Moderna Museet, Stockholm
 

 


Edward Kienholz

Edward Kienholz, (born Oct. 23, 1927, Fairfield, Wash., U.S.—died June 10, 1994, Hope, Idaho), American sculptor. Kienholz pursued painting until he moved to Los Angeles and began producing large wooden reliefs for walls (1954). His controversial environmental sculptures, begun in the late 1950s, were elaborately detailed three-dimensional assemblages that harshly indicted American society. His most famous walk-in scenes include Roxy’s, a replica of a 1943 Los Angeles bordello, and The Beanery, a reproduction of a decrepit bar with 17 figures, piped-in smells, jukebox music, and background conversation. Critics labeled some of his images repulsive or even pornographic. From 1972 he frequently collaborated with his wife, Nancy Reddin.
 

 

 


John Doe
1959


 

Back Seat Dodge '38
1964





Untitled






The Hoerengracht




 

The Birthday
1964


 

The Portable War Memorial
1968


 

The Portable War Memorial (detail)
1968


 

The Portable War Memorial (detail)
1968


 

'Sollie 17', mixed media construction by Edward and Nancy Reddin Kienholz
1979-80


 

Sollie 17
(detail)
1979-80


 

To Mourn a Dead Horse
1989


 

The Wait
1964-65



 

The Beanery


 

Ladder
1976


 

The Friendly Grey Computer - Star Gauge Model 54
1965


 

Volksempfangers
1975-1977


 

Volksempfangers
1975-1977




The Widow 1962




 

Volksempfangers
1975-1977


 

Ed and Nancy Kienholz

Bout Round Eleven
1982



 

Ed and Nancy Kienholz
Berlin Volksempfanger
1989



 

Ed and Nancy Kienholz

Installation View
2005



 

Ed and Nancy Kienholz
The Pool Hall
1993



 

Ed and Nancy Kienholz

Installation View
2005



 

Ed and Nancy Kienholz

Same Old Shoe
1984



 

The Ozymandius Parade
1985


 

The Beanery


 

Blue Boy and Pinkie
1979


 

History as a Planter
1961


 

The Illegal Operation
1962




The Bronze Pinvball Machine with Woman Affixed Also.
1980







 

The State Hospital (exterior)
1966
 
 

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