(b Rishon-le-Zion, Palestine [now Israel], 11 May 1928).
painter and sculptor. He studied at the Bezalel Academy in Jerusalem
under Mordecai Ardon in 1946, and from 1951 in Paris at the Atelier
d’Art Abstrait and at the Académie de la Grande Chaumière. The major
influences on his early work were Kandinsky’s Über das Geistige in
der Kunst (1912), the Bauhaus ideas disseminated by Johannes Itten
and Siegfried Giedion, with whom he came into contact in Zurich in
1949, and the work of Max Bill. Between 1951 and 1953 his work
consisted of a series of Contrapuntal and Transformable Pictures,
such as Transformable Relief (1953; Paris, R. N. Lebel priv. col.,
see Metken, p. 6). In 1953 he held his first one-man exhibition at
the Galerie Craven in Paris. Although his claims that this was the
first exhibition of kinetic art, and that he was the first
optical-kinetic artist, have been disputed, he was certainly among
the first artists to encourage spectator participation in such a
Doble metamorfosis III
Fountain in Dizengoff Square, Tel Aviv, Israel
Music-Fountain, 1975/76 in La Défense near Paris.
in Beilinson Medical Center
Original Color Agamograph, Mirage from Never Before Suite, 1985
Petit Secret Confidential from Petit Secret, 1990
Rainbow Romance from Faith Series, 1997
Petit Secret Midnight from Petit Secret, 1990
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