(b Chaume, Nevers, 24 Jan 1798; d Lyon, 24 Feb 1871). French
painter. His father was the artist Jean-Baptiste Caruelle (d 1801).
About 1859 he added to his name that of his stepfather, Claude
Meure-Aligny. He spent his early life in Paris, leaving the Ecole
Polytechnique in 1808 to frequent the studios of Jean-Baptiste
Regnault and the landscape artist Louis-Etienne Watelet (1780–1866).
He exhibited at the Salon for the first time in 1822 with Daphnis
and Chloe (untraced), which went unremarked. He finished his
apprenticeship with the customary journey to Italy, staying in Rome
from 1822 to 1827. During 1826 and 1827 he became friendly with
Corot, whom he acknowledged as his master, although Aligny preceded
Corot in his repeated studies of the Roman countryside and even
appears to have led the way for the group of landscape artists who
stayed there at the same time as himself, such as Edouard Bertin and
Prosper Barbot. The sketches from this period (Rennes, Mus. B.-A. &
Archéol., and Rome, Gab. Stampe) already bear witness to his
conception of landscape as an organization of form and mass. He
established himself in Paris in 1827 and that year exhibited at the
Salon with Saul Consulting the Witch of Endor, which went unnoticed.
From 1828 he spent much time in the Forest of Fontainebleau, one of
the first of several generations of landscape artists who frequented
Homer And The Shepherds
Rocas en Fontainebleau
Young man reclining on the downs
Please note: site admin does not answer any questions. This is our readers discussion only.