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Mark M. Antokolsky



Antokolsky Mark (Matveyevich)       Pages: 1

(b Vil’no [now Vilnius], Lithuania, 2 Nov 1843; d Bad-Homburg, 9 July 1902). Russian sculptor of Lithuanian birth. He was the son of an innkeeper of modest means. From 1862 he studied under Nikolay Pimenov (1812–64) as an occasional student at the Academy of Arts (Akademiya Khudozhestv) in St Petersburg. While still a student he produced two high relief sculptures, which attracted attention for their realism and which were awarded silver medals: the Jewish Tailor (wood, 1864) and The Miser (wood and ivory, 1865; both St Petersburg, Rus. Mus.). In 1871 Antokol’sky left Russia for health reasons. He worked first in Rome and then, from 1877, in Paris. He gained fame in Europe mainly through a number of monumental statues on subjects drawn from Russian history: Ivan the Terrible (marble, 1875; Moscow, Tret’yakov Gal.), Nestor the Chronicler (marble, 1890) and Yermak (bronze, 1891; both St Petersburg, Rus. Mus.), and also on subjects connected with the history of religion and philosophy: Christ (marble, 1876; Moscow, Tret’yakov Gal.), Death of Socrates (marble, 1875–7) and Spinoza (marble, 1886–7; both St Petersburg, Rus. Mus.). He produced a whole series of sculpted portraits of his contemporaries, executed in a realistic style: Vladimir Vasil’yevich Stasov (marble, 1872–3; St Petersburg, Saltykov-Shchedrin Pub. Lib.), Sergey Petrovich Botkin (marble, 1874) and Ivan Turgenev (plaster, 1880; both St Petersburg, Rus. Mus.).


Ioann The Terrible




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