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Art  &  Artist



Jose d'Avellar Rebello



Avelar Rebelo Jose de

( fl 1634; d 1657).

 Portuguese painter. He was trained with a new generation of artists whose work shows naturalistic and tenebrist tendencies. He was a personal friend of the Duque de Bragança, the future John IV, who became king at the restoration of the Crown in 1640 and who made Avelar Rebelo a Knight of Aviz and his court painter ( pintor régio). He was in favour in cultural circles at court and painted the frescoes of the Triumph of Music and the Song of Songs in the music-room (c. 1635; in situ) in the palace at Vila Viçosa, and three good portraits of King John IV, one of which (Vila Viçosa, Ducal Pal.) is signed and dated 1643 and shows his skill in depicting the state image. From 1639 to 1648, the years when he was considered the outstanding painter in Lisbon, he worked on 72 canvases for the ceiling of the church of the Mártires there (destr. 1755). He painted the excellent and strongly naturalistic St Jerome (c. 1640) for the library (now refectory) of the Jerónimos Monastery, Belém, a painting with warm colours and free modelling that is notable for the splendid still-life detail of such items as shelves, half-open books and a skull, all seen against the light. The altarpiece Christ among the Doctors (c. 1635; Lisbon, Mus. S Roque), influenced by Vicente Carducho and other naturalistic painters in Madrid, was praised by the critic Conde Athanasius Raczynsky (1846). About 1650 Rebelo painted the retable in the chapel of Nossa Senhora dos Mártires in the parish church of Pias (Ferreira do Zêzere), commissioned in 1650 by Captain Manuel Ferreira, a former member of the conspiracy that had brought about the restoration of the Portuguese monarchy and independence from Spain. In addition to a warm and vigorous Coronation of the Virgin, this includes an interesting historical work, the Conquest of Lisbon by Dom Afonso Henriques, which is explicitly anti-Castilian and thus something of a polemical and nationalist work. A late painting is the Rest on the Flight into Egypt (Lisbon, Dr F. Castelo-Branco priv. col.), signed and dated 1643. In spite of the admiration and friendship he enjoyed both at court and in erudite circles, as well as in the Dominican community, Rebelo died in poverty, in lodgings near the Dominican convent at Benfica.


Circuncisao do Menino Jesus



Circuncisao do Menino Jesus




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