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 Henry Bacon



Henry Bacon       

(b Watseka, IL, 28 Nov 1866; d New York, 16 Feb 1924).

American architect. The son of a distinguished civil engineer, he studied architecture at the Illinois Industrial University, Urbana, in 1884–5. In 1885 he moved to Boston to become a draughtsman for the architectural firm of Chamberlin & Whidden, known for its buildings in the Colonial Revival style, but in 1888 he moved to McKim, Mead & White, working as a draughtsman and perspectivist. In 1889 Bacon won the Rotch Traveling Scholarship, which enabled him to go to France, Italy, Greece and Turkey for two years. Influenced by his brother Francis Henry Bacon (1856–1940), an architect and furniture designer who assisted in the excavations at the Greek site of Assos in 1881–3, he became attracted to ancient, especially Greek, architecture. He returned to the McKim, Mead & White office in 1891 and became McKim’s chief design assistant. The following year he represented the firm on the construction site of the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago. Among other projects, he worked on the design of McKim’s Rhode Island State House (1891–1903) in Providence.



The Lincoln Memorial is an American memorial built to honor the 16th President of the United States, Abraham Lincoln.
It is located on the National Mall in Washington, D.C. and was dedicated on May 30, 1922.
The architect was Henry Bacon, the sculptor of the main statue (Abraham Lincoln, 1920) was Daniel Chester French,
and the painter of the interior murals was Jules Guerin.
It is one of several monuments built to honor an American president.



Lincoln Memorial

Bacon was very active as a designer of monuments and settings for public sculpture.
He collaborated with the sculptors Augustus Saint-Gaudens and Daniel Chester French.
It was the latter who carved the huge statue of Abraham Lincoln that sits within Bacon’s last and most famous work, the Lincoln Memorial



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