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 Antonio Bandeira



Antonio Bandeira

(b Fortaleza, 26 May 1922; d Paris, 6 Oct 1967). Brazilian painter. In the first half of the 1940s, while still in his native state of Ceará, he was very active in the introduction of modernist ideas. In 1945 he moved to Rio de Janeiro and in 1946 to Paris, where he spent most of the rest of his life. In Paris, where he studied at the Ecole Supérieure de Beaux-Arts and at the Académie de la Grande Chaumière, he first painted landscapes and portraits (e.g. Self-portrait, 1947; Rio de Janeiro, Gilberto Chateaubriand priv. col.) that combined elements from Surrealism and Expressionism. He later adopted a gestural abstraction that maintained its links with the outside world through analogies established in poetic titles (e.g. Flowing like a Waterfall, 1964; Rio de Janeiro, Roberto Marinho priv. col.). At the beginning of his stay in France he was briefly part of an informal association with two other artists sharing a similar artistic language, Camille Bryen and Wols; Banbryols, their chosen name, was formed from their three surnames. On one of his return visits to Brazil, Bandeira executed a mural for the headquarters of the Instituto dos Arquitetos do Brasil in São Paulo; in 1958 he made a panel for the Palais des Beaux-Arts in Brussels; and in 1961 he also painted a vast triptych for the University of Ceará. In large-scale paintings, such as Big City Illuminated (1953; Rio de Janeiro, Mus. N. B.A.), and in his equally characteristic tiny gouaches he directed the dynamic energy of dots, lines, blots and drops of colour with a centripetal force, which organized what might otherwise have been random gestures into webs of regular and sometimes geometrically based structures.



L'Arbre s/bleu



Ville bleue, 1956



Flore nocturne




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