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 Cesare Bazzani



Cesare Bazzani     

(b Rome, 5 March 1873; d Rome, 30 March 1939).

Italian architect. His father, Luigi Bazzani, was a painter and stage designer. Bazzani graduated in civil engineering from the university in Rome in 1896. In 1899 he won the competition for the international art scholarship with a plan for a cathedral in an Italian Gothic Revival style. His first significant building was the Alterocca printing company building (1907) at Terni, in Stile Liberty. He was joint winner with Raimondo D’Aronco and Ernesto Pivovano of the architectural prize at the Esposizione de Sempione, Milan (1906). A number of important competition-winning schemes followed. In 1905 Bazzani won the competition for the façade of S Lorenzo (unexecuted) in Florence, which stood him in good stead for his entry for the Biblioteca Nazionale (won 1907; completed 1935) at Santa Croce. An eclectic Renaissance building, its structure picked out in grey against white, it already suggests a putative monumentalism and sits awkwardly in its Florentine context. In 1908 he won the commission for the Palazzo delle Belle Arti (opened in 1911; now Galleria Nazionale d’Arte Moderna), Rome, with a scheme whose horizontality is reminiscent of Pio Piacentini and has a hint of neo-Hellenism, perhaps inspired by Giuseppe Sacconi’s monument to Victor Emanuel II (also completed in 1911). Having by this time espoused academic momumentalism, in the Ministero della Pubblica Istruzione (1913–28), Rome, Bazzani restates in heavy Baroque the grim prospect of Guglielmo Calderini’s Palazzo di Giustizia, which inspired it. In the 1920s and 1930s he was in demand for public and private buildings, his style, favoured by Fascism, moving towards the simplified classicism of the Novecento. During this period his work ranged through government buildings of many kinds, for example offices in Foggia (1929) and Terni (1930–35), barracks (1932–5) in Bari, the Stazione Marittima (1934–6) at Naples and post offices, as well as churches and commercial buildings. He was made a member of the Accademia d’Italia in 1929.



Basilica Santa Maria degli Angeli near Assisi.
The facade, by Cesare Bazzani



Florence national library in Florence, Italy



Palazzo delle Poste di Forlì



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