Gyula Benczúr (1844 – 1920) was a Hungarian
painter and pedagogue. He won international success with his first
few paintings, winning several competitions. He assisted Karl von
Piloty with the frescoes of Maximilianeum and Rathaus in Munich. He
also illustrated books by the great German writer, Friedrich
Schiller. He was commissioned by the Bavarian king Ludwig II to
paint Rococo themes. Later he was offered numerous international
teaching positions, including offers in Prague and Weimar, but
accepted a position in Munich, one of his most distinguished pupils
being the Swiss-born American painter Adolfo Müller-Ury. Benczúr was
later a favorite among the Hungarian upper-class, painting numerous
portraits of kings and aristocrats. He was considered a rival in
historical painting to Makart. During his lifetime, Benczúr won
numerous awards. His self-portrait is on display at the Uffizi
Gallery in Florence.
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