Italian painter. He was one of the most interesting artists working
in Rome in the 18th century and painted altarpieces, frescoes and
portraits. His stylistic evolution has little in common with that of
his contemporaries; he reacted against the art of the Late Baroque,
seeking to renew the study of nature and to return to the classical
tradition of Raphael and Annibale Carracci. He introduced a new
gravity and clear and direct treatment of space; his art has been
described as anticipating Neo-classicism (Noack), yet his
originality is more wide-ranging. He was an unconventional painter,
and his violent opposition to the Accademia di S Luca may have
hindered his career and forced him into disadvantageous partnerships
with inferior painters.
The vision of St Philip Neri
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