French painter who is sometimes credited with founding
He was noted for his friendships with such artists as Vincent van
Gogh, Paul Gauguin, Odilon Redon, and Paul Cezanne.
In 1886 Bernard went to Pont-Aven, where he theorized a Cloisonnist
style of painting bold forms separated by dark contours that
somewhat influenced Gauguin. He also did sculpture and woodcuts and
designed furniture and tapestries. As a poet and writer, he studied
religious mysticism and philosophy. Part of the fame of Cézanne and
Redon rests on Bernard's prophetic admiration of their early work.
He toured Italy in 1894 and settled in Egypt for 10years. Returning
to France in 1904, he founded and edited the review La Rénovation
Esthétique and published his correspondence with van Gogh, Gauguin,
Redon, and Cezanne—a major contribution to the understanding of
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