(b Rome, c. 1575; d Rome, 15 Jan 1616).
Italian painter and etcher, also active in Spain. He was the son of a Florentine carpenter and stepbrother of the sculptor and architect Giulio Lasso. He accompanied Lasso to Sicily, and his earliest known work is a modest painting, in a Mannerist tradition, of St Gregory in his Study (1593; Catania, Villa Cerami, see Moir, pl. 48). He finished his training in Rome, and his study of the art of ancient Rome is evident in his early paintings, both in his use of Classical ruins and in the sculptural folds of his drapery. He must also have painted from nature and responded to the naturalism of Caravaggio. About 1598 Borgianni was in Spain and in 1601 he was in Pamplona. He stayed at least until June 1603, when he signed a petition for the establishment of an Italian-style academy of painting in Madrid. Among the other signatories was the Madrid-born Eugenio Cajés, whom Borgianni may have met in Rome, since Cajés was in Italy about 1595. Probably in this first Spanish period Borgianni painted, in a mood reminiscent of El Greco, the Crucifixion (Madrid, Prado, on dep. Cádiz, Mus. Pint.) set in a dark landscape with Roman ruins and stormy clouds. The St Christopher (Madrid, Prado), with a fantastic, rocky landscape, and the Stigmatization of St Francis (Madrid, Prado) are from the same period.