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 Francesco Borromini



Borromini Francesco

(1599-1677). Architect.

Francesco Castelli, known as Borromini (1599-1677), learned his craft working at Milan Cathedral as a pupil of Francesco Maria Richino (1584-1658), the greatest Milanese exponent of Baroque. From at least 1619 onwards, Borromini worked for Maderno and Bernini in Rome, until he received commissions for the convent and church of San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane (1635-41) and the Falconieri and Spada palaces there. The most memorable of his many buildings in Rome include the Chiesa nuova and Oratory for the Congregation of San Filippo Neri and the churches of Sant'Agnese and Sant'lvo alla Sapienza. Borromini, who eventually took his own life, was one of the most original and inventive exponents of Baroque architecture, which he imbued with soaring upward movement and powerful chiaroscuro effects. He was also one of the finest of a succession of artists, architects, and sculptors, who, from the Middle Ages well into the 18th century, moved from the valleys and foothills of the Lombard Alps into the mainstream of Italian and European art.


San Carlo Alle Quattro Fontane
Rome, Italy


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