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 Andrea del Brescianino



Andrea del Brescianino         Pages: 1

Italian painter (originally Andrea Piccinelli). He may have trained with Girolamo del Pacchia, but is first documented at Siena working with Battista di Fruosino (fl 1457-?1507) in the Compagnia di San Gerolamo in 1507. Immediately after, in Florence, he came under the influence of Raphael, Fra Bartolommeo and Leonardo da Vinci. His Virgin and Child with Two Saints (c. 1510; Buonconvento, Museo d'Arte Sacra della Val d'Arbia) shows this early influence from Florence both in colouring and close figure grouping.

Apart from a short visit to Rome (c. 1516) to assist Baldassare Peruzzi with the decoration of the Villa Farnesina, most of his time was spent in Siena. Frequent contact with Florence is suggested by his style of painting after 1510 and he probably had a workshop there run by his brother Raffaello Piccinelli (fl 1506-45). Works of slightly later date, such as the Three Virtues (c. 1517-18; Siena, Pinacoteca Nazionale), demonstrate that Andrea del Sarto became a dominant influence. In the Coronation of the Virgin (c. 1520; Siena, SS Pietro e Paolo) colours and compositional ideas from Sarto are combined with the local styles of Domenico Beccafumi and Girolamo del Pacchia. This altarpiece, with five predella panels depicting scenes from the Life of Christ, is one of his most substantial surviving works. He is last documented in 1525, in the confraternity of Florentine painters.


Andrea del Brescianino or Dei Piccinelli was together with his brother Raffaello known as the Brescianini of Siena. He was the son of a dancing-master at Siena, where he flourished from 1507 to 1525. He was the pupil of a Sienese painter, named Giovan Battista Giusi, and they together painted an altar-piece, representing the 'Virgin and Child, with Saints,' which is in the Siena Academy, and in 1524 the 'Baptism of Christ,' for the baptistery of the cathedral of the same city. In 1525 the brothers went to Florence, and in the same year Andrea, and probably Raffaello also, was registered in the Painters' Guild. A 'Holy Family' by Andrea, who was the better artist of the two, is in the Uffizi Gallery at Florence, and another 'Holy Family,' ascribed to him, is in the Berlin Gallery. The beautiful altar-piece, a 'Holy Family,' of the church of Torre di Bibiano, long attributed to Baldassare Peruzzi, is also supposed to be by him. The brothers appear to have worked under the influence of Fra Bartolommeo.



Venus and Two Cupids
Galleria Borghese, Rome


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