Dictionary of

Art  &  Artist




- B -


Styles and Movement



Term derived from the Classical concept of forms created by the power of natural life, applied to the use of organic shapes in 20th-century art, particularly within SURREALISM. It was first used in this sense by Alfred H. Barr jr in 1936. The tendency to favour ambiguous and organic shapes in apparent movement, with hints of the shapeless and vaguely spherical forms of germs, amoebas and embryos, can be traced to the plant morphology of Art Nouveau at the end of the 19th century; the works of Henry Van de Velde, Victor Horta and Hector Guimard are particularly important in this respect.

Biomorphic. Term used for irregular abstract forms based on shapes found m nature, e.g. m the work of Gorky, Tanguy, and in Arp's sculpture.

Arp Jean. Shirt Front and Fork, painted wood, 1922, National Gallery of Art



Discuss Art

Please note: site admin does not answer any questions. This is our readers discussion only.

| privacy