Visual History of the World




From Prehistoric to Romanesque  Art
Gothic Art
Renaissance  Art
Baroque and Rococo Art
The Art of Asia
Neoclassicism, Romanticism  Art
Art Styles in 19th century
Art of the 20th century
Artists that Changed the World
Design and Posters
Classical Music
Literature and Philosophy

Visual History of the World
First Empires
The Ancient World
The Middle Ages
The Early Modern Period
The Modern Era
The World Wars and Interwar Period
The Contemporary World

Dictionary of Art and Artists


The Early Modern Period

16th - 18th century


The smooth transition from the Middle Ages to the Modern Age is conventionally fixed on such events as the Reformation and the discovery of the "New World," which brought about the emergence of a new image of man and his world. Humanism, which spread out of Italy, also made an essential contribution to this with its promotion of a critical awareness of Christianity and the Church. The Reformation eventually broke the all-embracing power of the Church. After the Thirty Years' War, the concept of a universal empire was also nullified. The era of the nation-state began, bringing with it the desire to build up political and economic power far beyond Europe. The Americas, Africa, and Asia provided regions of expansion for the Europeans.

Proportions of the Human Figure by Leonardo da Vinci (drawing, ca. 1490)
is a prime example of the new approach of Renaissance
artists and scientists to the anatomy of the human body.



Bosch's Monsters





see also:


Revelations. Devil Art of the Apocalypse




Alchemy & Mysticism. The Hermetic Cabinet




Hieronymus Bosch 


"The master of the monstrous..."

Carl Gustav Jung



Triptych of Last Judgement. Last Judgement.
Monsters with Knife
(central panel - detail)


Triptych of Last Judgement. Hell (right wing - detail)


Last Judgment. Death of the Reprobate (fragment)


Triptych of Haywain (central panel - detail)


Triptych of Garden of Earthly Delights
c. 1500


Triptych of Garden of Earthly Delights (right wing - detail)


Triptych of Garden of Earthly Delights (right wing - detail)


Triptych of Garden of Earthly Delights (right wing - detail)
c. 1500



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