Soviet Nonconformist Art
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Soviet Nonconformist Art refers to art produced in
Soviet Union from 1953-1986
(after the death of Stalin
until the advent of
Perestroika and Glasnost)
outside of the rubric of
Socialist Realism. Other terms used to refer to this phenomenon are
"unofficial art" or "underground art."
Notable Soviet Nonconformist artists from Russia
Ilya Kabakov, Oleg Vassiliev,
Komar and Melamid,
Leonid Sokov, Boris Sveshnikov, Vladimir Yakovlev, Anatoly Zverev, Ylo Sooster, Vladimir Nemukhin,
Ernst Neizvestny and
Oscar Rabine, Alexander Yulikov, Andrey Grositsky, Igor Shelkovsky, from Moscow,
and Timur Novikov and Afrika (Sergei Bugaev), from St. Petersburg.
The Petersburg group are formed in Leningrad into 1960.
The Group begins in 1964, from
the exhibition in Hermitage Museum of five artists: V. Kravchenko, V. Uflyand, V.
Michail Chemiakin and O. Liagatchev.
The official name of the exhibit was "Exhibition of the
artist-workers of the economic part of the Hermitage. Towards the 200
anniversary of Hermitage".
Exhibition was opened 30-31 March of 1964 and on 1 April it was
arrested by authorities.
The Hermitage director, Mikhail Artamonov, was removed from his post.
In 1967 it
was written "Manifest Peterburg Group", signed by
O.Liagatchev, E. Yesaulenko and V. Ivanov. Somewhat previously by V. Ivanov
Michail Chemiakin are written theoretical essay " Métaphysique
Group gave preference to still life, stylistic searches and
Michail Chemiakin in its painting realizes the ideas of the "Métaphysique
Synthétisme". In the graph they created illustrations to the works E.T.A.
Hoffman, to "Crime
and Punishment" Fyodor M. Dostoevsky; it so works in the technology of
the engraving painted by water color.
Since 1968 O.
Liagatchev is fascinated by semiotic searches and manufactures his
visual-ornamental style; characteristic for this style picturesque works
as "Kafka" and "Intimeniy XX" in 1973,
"Composition - Canon" in 1975.
Joined this group A. Vasiliev, as the master of picturesque invoices
and technical improvisations and V. Makarenko as miniature-painter and
Michail Chemiakin emigrated to France, and later the United States.
Liagatchev and Vasiliev participated in the exhibitions non-conformist
artists at the Cultural Center Gaza in 1974 and at the Cultural Center Nevsky 1975.
In 1975 Liagatchev emigrated to France. Group did not have joint
exhibitions and became defunct in 1979.