The first half of the 20th
century saw the world entangled in two global wars, conducted with
an unprecedented brutality. The First World War developed from a
purely European affair into a conflict involving the colonies and
the United States. It altered Europe's political landscape and
shifted the power balance worldwide. In World War II, the nations of
Europe, Asia, the Americas, and Africa were drawn into the conflict
through the aggressive policies of an ambitious Nazi Germany. The
war was conducted with the most up-to-date weapons technology and
cost the lives of more than 55 million people. The Holocaust, the
systematic annihilation of the European Jews, represented an
unparalleled moral catastrophe for modern civilization.
Pablo Picasso "Weeping Woman", 1937
World War II
1939 - 1945
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