Art of the 20th Century

 



Art Styles in 20th century - Art Map



 






Viktor Borisov-Musatov




 


 

Viktor Borisov-Musatov

 

(b Saratov, 14 April 1870; d Tarusa, 8 Nov 1905).

Russian painter. He studied art in Saratov from 1890 to 1891 and then at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture from 1893 to 1895. In the intervening years he attended the Academy of Art in St Petersburg and worked under Pavel Chistyakov (1832–1919). During three winters in Paris between 1895 and 1898 he attended the studio of the history and portrait painter Fernand Cormon. Cormon had little influence on his style, but the exposure to contemporary French art was crucial, and the first mature works of Borisov-Musatov date from this period. He produced landscapes and figure studies in the high-keyed colours of the French Impressionists, as in the oil painting Boy with a Dog (1895; Khar’kov, Mus. F.A.). In France Borisov-Musatov had also seen the murals of Pierre Puvis de Chavannes and he returned to Moscow hoping to produce monumental, decorative art based on a Symbolist rendering of nature. His many paintings of women in early 19th-century dress have a superficial resemblance to the retrospective paintings of the Russian World of Art (Mir Iskusstva) group, but add a new note of melancholy, of an imaginary past irretrievably lost. He came close in mood to the contemporary Russian Symbolist poets, Valery Bryusov (1873–1924) and Andrey Bely, who were his friends. Borisov-Musatov’s oil and tempera Self-portrait with Sister (1898; St Petersburg, Rus. Mus.) is still Impressionist in the depiction of the landscape, but in the expressions on the faces it introduces a note of introspection that was to be characteristic of his oeuvre for the rest of his life. Increasingly he moved away from a direct transcription of nature towards a depiction of mood. His later works are premeditated exercises in colour, form and composition.

 



 

 
 
Self-Portrait
1905


 

The last day


 
 
 
The Pool
1902



 

 
 
Lady Seated against a Tapestry
1903


 


Flowers


 

Still Life with Flowers


 

Still Life with Flowers


 


Dame in a Rocking Chair


 


Young Girl


 

Portrait of Nadezhda Stanyukovich


 

Shepherds tending a flock at night
1895



 

Walpurgisnacht
1905



 


 Daphnis and Chloe
1901




 Cherry Trees in Bloom




 A Lady at Needlepoint
1901



 


 The Last Ray of the Setting Sun


 

 
 
A Walk
1901



 

 
 
Woman in Blue



 

 
 A Lady Sitting in an Armchair



 

 
 
Still Life


 

 
 
A Tree


 

 
 
Walk at Sunset
1903

 

 
 
The Manor at Zubrilovka
1903


 


 
In the Park


 

 
 
A Garden Path
1904


 

 
 
The Manor in Vvedenskoye



 

 
 
Reflections of Sunset



 

 
 
A Woman Wearing a Yellow Shawl
1904

 

 
 
In the Shade of the Pine


 

 
 
Portrait of a Lady in Blue


 

 
 
Slumber Divine
Sketch for a fresco from the series "Seasons"
1904-1905


 

 
 
Autumn Evening
Sketch for panel
1904-1905


 

 
 
Hazelnut Bush


 

 
 On the Balcony


 

 
 
Garlands of Corn Flowers
 

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