Art of the 20th Century

 



Art Styles in 20th century - Art Map



 







Otto
Dix




 


 

Otto Dix
 

(b Untermhaus, nr Gera, 2 Dec 1891; d Singen, 25 July 1969).

German painter, printmaker and watercolourist. His initial training (1905–14) in Gera and Dresden was as a painter of wall decorations, but he taught himself the techniques of easel painting from 1909 and began concentrating on portraits and landscapes in a veristic style derived from northern Renaissance prototypes. After seeing exhibitions of paintings by Vincent van Gogh (Dresden, 1912) and by the Futurists (1913), he quickly fused these influences into a randomly coloured Expressionism. Volunteering as a machine-gunner during World War I, he served in the German army (1914–18), making innumerable sketches of war scenes, using alternately a realistic and a Cubo-Futurist style. The experience of war, moreover, became a dominant motif of his work until the 1930s. He later commented: ‘War is something so animal-like: hunger, lice, slime, these crazy sounds ... War was something horrible, but nonetheless something powerful ... Under no circumstances could I miss it! It is necessary to see people in this unchained condition in order to know something about man’.

 




 
 

 

 


Self-Portrait


 


Self-Portrait


 


Prostitute


 

Three Wenches
1926


 

Preg Woman


 


On the Slopes of Clery-sur-Somme


 


Muertos delante de la posicion de Tahure


 


Wounded


 


Skull


 


Assault under Gas


 


La manana


 


Girl with Red Bow
1922


 

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Untitled


 

Nudes


 

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