Art of the 20th Century


Art Styles in 20th century Art Map


Charles Sheeler


Charles Sheeler

born July 16, 1883, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S.
died May 7, 1965, Dobbs Ferry, N.Y.

American painter who is best known for his precise renderings of industrial forms in which abstract, formal qualities were emphasized.

Sheeler studied at the School of Industrial Art in Philadelphiaand then at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts. He contributed six paintings, mainly still lifes, to the New York Armory Show of 1913.

To make a living, Sheeler turned to photography about 1912. Initially he worked on assignments from Philadelphia architects. He moved to New York City in 1919 and the next year collaborated with the photographer Paul Strand on a film, Mannahatta, a study of the buildings of the city. During the early 1920s he received recognition for both his paintings and his photography. In 1927 he made an outstanding series of photographs of the Ford Motor Company's plant at River Rouge, Mich. This assignment was followed in 1929 by a series on the Chartres cathedral, France.

In 1929 he painted one of his best-known pictures, “Upper Deck” (Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, Mass.), which has been acclaimed for its pristine, geometric surfaces. “Rolling Power” (1939; Smith College Museum of Art, Northampton, Mass.), another major work, emphasized the abstract power of the driving wheels of a locomotive. Sheeler also treated architectural subjects in his abstract-realist style. His later works tended toward a less literal rendering of their subjects.






 View of  New York


Still Life and Shadows


Lhasa - (Charles Sheeler - 1916

Plums on a Plate


Zinnias in a Bowl


Composition Around White


Winter Window




Rolling Power




View of Central Park


River Rouge Plant


American Landscape


Classic Landscape


Suspended Power




 River Rouge Industrial Plant


Bucks County Barn


Church Street




Delmonico Building


Spring Interior




Conversation, Sky and Earth


Viento, mar y vela


Home Sweet Home


The Artist Looks at Nature


Doylestown House - The Stove

Photo, 1916


Aldous Huxley



Photo, 1929



Photo, 1939

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