Art of the 20th Century


Art Styles in 20th century Art Map


Antoni Tapies



Antoni Tapies

b. 1923, Barcelona

Antoni Tąpies was born December 13, 1923, in Barcelona. His adolescence was disrupted by the Spanish Civil War and a serious illness that lasted two years. Tąpies began to study law in Barcelona in 1944 but decided instead within two years to devote himself exclusively to art. He was essentially self-taught as a painter; the few art classes he attended left little impression on him. Shortly after deciding to become an artist, he began attending clandestine meetings of the Blaus, an iconoclastic group of Catalan artists and writers who produced the review Dau al Set.

Tąpies’s early work was influenced by the art of Max Ernst, Paul Klee, and Joan Mirу, and by Eastern philosophy. His art was exhibited for the first time in the controversial Salo d’Octubre in Barcelona in 1948. He soon began to develop a recognizable personal style related to matičre painting, or Art Informe, a movement that focused on the materials of art-making. The approach resulted in textural richness, but its more important aim was the exploration of the transformative qualities of matter. Tąpies freely adopted bits of detritus, earth, and stone—mediums that evoke solidity and mass—in his large-scale works.

In 1950, his first solo show was held at the Galeries Laietanes, Barcelona, and he was included in the Carnegie International in Pittsburgh. That same year, the French government awarded Tąpies a scholarship that enabled him to spend a year in Paris. His first solo show in New York was presented in 1953 at the gallery of Martha Jackson, who arranged for his work to be shown the following year in various parts of the United States. During the 1950s and 1960s, Tąpies exhibited in major museums and galleries throughout the United States, Europe, Japan, and South America. In 1966, he began his collection of writings, La practica de l’art. In 1969, he and the poet Joan Brossa published their book, Frčgoli; a second collaborative effort, Nocturn Matinal, appeared the following year. Tąpies received the Rubens Prize of Siegen, Germany, in 1972.

Retrospective exhibitions were presented at the Musée National d’Art Moderne, Paris, in 1973 and at the Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, New York, in 1977. The following year, he published his prize-winning autobiography, Memņria personal. In the early 1980s, he continued diversifying his mediums, producing his first ceramic sculptures and designing sets for Jacques Dupin’s play L’Eboulement. By 1992, three volumes of the catalogue raisonné of Tąpies’s work had been published. The following year, he and Cristina Iglesias represented Spain at the Venice Biennale, where his installation was awarded the Leone d’Oro. A retrospective exhibition was presented at the Galerie Nationale du Jeu de Paume, Paris, and the Guggenheim Museum SoHo, New York, in 1994–95. Tąpies lives in Barcelona.




Great Painting


Grey and Green Painting



Pasted Cloth



Grey Ochre



The Sieve






Large India Ink



Poems from the Catalan 3



Paper cremat



Esperit Catala I





Variations XI: Cherubins



Variations XI: Cannage



Variations XI: Chaise



Aus der Mappe 'Suite


Cartes per la Teresa XXX



Cartes per la Teresa XLI



Gris con banda oblicua


Capsa D'ulleres


Ohne Titel





"A" efface






Grande Chaise



Relieve blanco con dibujos y letras



Forms I vernis


Mitjo i petjada


Impresiones de escuadra



Composicio amb terra

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