Baroque and Rococo



Baroque and Rococo Art Map

Alonso Cano



died September 3, 1667, Granada

painter, sculptor, and architect, often called the Spanish Michelangelo for his diversity of talents. Although he led a remarkably tempestuous life, he produced religious works of elegance and ease.

Moving to Sevilla (Seville) in 1614, he studied sculpture under Juan Martínez Montañés and painting under Francisco Pacheco. Forced to leave Sevilla in 1637 because of a duel with the painter Llano y Valdés, he fled to Madrid and obtained the favour of the court. His activities as court painter ended in 1644, when, suspected ofthe murder of his wife, he had to escape to Valencia. He then returned to King Philip IV and successfully solicited a position as canon in the cathedral in Granada in 1652, but he was expelled for misbehaviour in 1656. Returning to Madrid, he took holy orders and was appointed chief architect of the Granada cathedral, a position he held until his death.

Cano painted extensively in Sevilla, Madrid, and Granada. The Sevilla paintings, among them Via Crucis and St. Francis Borgia, are influenced by Zurbarán, monumental and bold, with strong tenebroso (emphasis on darkness). The Madrid paintings, including St. Isidore's Miracle of the Well (1645–46), are more impressionistic, foreshadowing the workof Velázquez. Finally, the last paintings, from his stay in Granada, especially the Mysteries of the Virgin in the Cathedral, are harmonious, with a classic balance and symmetry.

No sculpture from his Seville period has survived, but many of his polychromed wood statues exist from his time in Granada. His finest work of sculpture, San Diego de Alcala (1653–57), is characteristic in its simplicity of design and its expressive eloquence.

Cano is most famous for his paintings and sculpture, but his facade for the cathedral at Granada is considered one of the most original works of Spanish architecture, bearing Cano's unique personal stamp and executed with remarkable expressive unity.


Cristo muerto sostenido por un angel



St. John the Evangelist on Pathmos


The Dead Christ Supported by an Angel

Oil on canvas, 178 x 121 cm
Museo del Prado, Madrid


Immaculate Conception

Oil on canvas
Provincial Museum, Vitoria


Descent into Limbo

c. 1640
Oil on canvas, 169 x 121 cm
Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles



Oil on canvas, 49 x 43 cm
Museum of Fine Arts, Budapest


The Miracle at the Well

Oil on canvas, 216 x 149 cm
Museo del Prado, Madrid


Noli me Tangere

c. 1640
Oil on canvas, 141,5 x 109,5 cm
Museum of Fine Arts, Budapest


St John the Evangelist on Pathmos

Oil on canvas, 218 x 153 cm
Museum of Fine Arts, Budapest


Saint John the Evangelist's Vision of Jerusalem

Oil on canvas, 83 x 44 cm
Wallace Collection, London


St James the Greater

c. 1635
Oil on canvas
Musee du Louvre, Paris


St. John the Evangelist with the Poisoned Cup

Oil on canvas, 53 x 35 cm
Musee du Louvre, Paris


The Vision of St Bernard

c. 1650
Oil on canvas, 267 x 185 cm
Museo del Prado, Madrid

Dos reyes de Espana


Un rey de Espana


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