Baroque and Rococo


Baroque and Rococo Art Map

Claude Lorrain


Claude Lorrain

(b Chamagne, Lorraine, ?1604–5; d Rome, 23 Nov 1682).

French painter, draughtsman and etcher, active in Italy. He has long been known as the greatest of all ideal landscape painters. Ideal landscape is a term signifying the creation of an image of nature more beautiful and better ordered than nature itself. The term is closely linked to the pastoral, and contented shepherds guarding their flocks and herds are usually an integral feature of Claude’s pictures. He was far from being the inventor of this art form, which first emerged in Venetian painting around 1510, but he brought it to a pitch of refinement not reached by anyone else. Claude’s distinctive contribution to the genre was to use light as the principal means both of unifying the composition and of lending beauty to the landscape. He was also able to introduce into the artificial formula, to an unusual degree, effects studied from nature itself. Almost from the first, his work reflected courtly values of ‘high finish’ and decorum, and it is no accident that his most important patrons were members of the European nobility and higher clergy. 


Embarkation of St Paula Romana at Ostia

Oil on canvas, 211 x 145 cm
Museo del Prado, Madrid


Harbour Scene with Grieving Heliades

c. 1640
Oil on canvas, 125,5 x 175,5 cm
Wallraf-Richartz Museum, Cologne


Marine with the Trojans Burning their Boats

Oil on canvas, 105 x 152 cm
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York


Harbour Scene at Sunset

Oil on canvas, 74 x 99 cm
Royal Collection, Windsor


Ulysses Returns Chryseis to her Father

Oil on canvas, 119 x 150 cm
Musee du Louvre, Paris


Landscape with Shepherds - The Pont Molle

Oil on canvas, 74 x 97 cm
City Art Gallery, Birmingham


Landscape with Cephalus and Procris Reunited by Diana

Oil on canvas, 102 x 132 cm
National Gallery, London


Port Scene with the Departure of Ulysses from the Land of the Feaci

Oil on canvas, 119 x 150 cm
Musee du Louvre, Paris

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