Baroque and Rococo


Baroque and Rococo Art Map

Claude Lorrain


Claude Lorrain

(b Chamagne, Lorraine, ?1604–5; d Rome, 23 Nov 1682).

French painter, draughtsman and etcher, active in Italy. He has long been known as the greatest of all ideal landscape painters. Ideal landscape is a term signifying the creation of an image of nature more beautiful and better ordered than nature itself. The term is closely linked to the pastoral, and contented shepherds guarding their flocks and herds are usually an integral feature of Claude’s pictures. He was far from being the inventor of this art form, which first emerged in Venetian painting around 1510, but he brought it to a pitch of refinement not reached by anyone else. Claude’s distinctive contribution to the genre was to use light as the principal means both of unifying the composition and of lending beauty to the landscape. He was also able to introduce into the artificial formula, to an unusual degree, effects studied from nature itself. Almost from the first, his work reflected courtly values of ‘high finish’ and decorum, and it is no accident that his most important patrons were members of the European nobility and higher clergy. 

Landscape with Shepherds

Oil on canvas, 68,8 x 91 cm
Museum of Fine Arts, Budapest


Landscape with Rest in Flight to Egypt

Oil on canvas, 102 x 134 cm
Gemäldegalerie, Dresden


Landscape with Paris and Oenone

Oil on canvas, 119 x 150 cm
Musee du Louvre, Paris


The Rape of Europa

Oil on canvas, 100 x 137 cm
Pushkin Museum, Moscow


Landscape with Acis and Galathe

Oil on canvas, 100 x 135 cm
Gemäldegalerie, Dresden


Landscape with Apollo and Mercury

Oil on canvas, 74,5 x 110,5 cm
Wallace Collection, London


Landscape with the Rest on the Flight into Egypt

Oil on canvas, 113 x 157cm
The Hermitage, St. Petersburg

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