Baroque and Rococo


Baroque and Rococo Art Map

Jacob van Ruisdael



Jacob van Ruisdael

(b Haarlem, 1628–9; d Amsterdam, c. 10 March 1682; bur Haarlem, 14 March 1682).

Dutch painter, draughtsman and etcher. He is regarded as the principal figure among Dutch landscape painters of the second half of the 17th century. His naturalistic compositions and style of representing massive forms and his colour range constituted a new direction away from the ‘tonal phase’ (c. 1620–c. 1650) associated with the previous generation of landscape painters and exemplified by the work of his uncle Salomon van Ruysdael, Jan van Goyen, Cornelis Vroom, Pieter Molijn and others. Ruisdael showed unusual versatility: he produced several distinct landscape types—mountainous, woodland and river settings, waterfalls, beach and dune scenes, seascapes, panoramas and winter scenes—and created images that were both innovative and among the best in their category. He was not apparently interested in the fashion for Italianate landscapes but stands out as a unique talent in the context of such notable contemporaries as Aelbert Cuyp and Philips Koninck. His oeuvre comprises c. 700 paintings and c. 100 drawings, the majority undated.


View of Amsterdam

Oil on canvas, 52,5 x 43,5 cm
Museum of Fine Arts, Budapest



Sunrise in a Wood

after 1670
Oil on canvas, 90 x 77 cm
Wallace Collection, London


Two Watermills and an Open Sluice near Singraven

Oil on canvas, 87,3 x 111,5 cm
National Gallery, London


Bentheim Castle

Oil on canvas
National Gallery of Ireland, Dublin


The Castle at Bentheim

Oil on canvas, 97,7 x 81,3
Private collection, Norfolk


The Great Oak

Oil on canvas
Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles


Landscape with a House in the Grove

about 1646
Oil on canvas, 105 x 162 cm
The Hermitage, St. Petersburg


Two Water Mills and an Open Sluice

Oil on canvas
Private collection


Two Undershot Water-Mills with Men Opening a Sluice

Oil on oak panel, 54 x 68 cm
Private collection


The Dam Square in Amsterdam

c. 1670
Oil on canvas, 52 x 65 cm
Staatliche Museen, Berlin


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