The 18th and 19th Centuries


 



(Neoclassicism, Romanticism and Art Styles in 19th century - Art Map)

 



Neoclassicism and Romanticism

 



Thomas Rowlandson


(comic images of familiar social types)


 

 



 


Thomas Rowlandson

born July 1756, Old Jewry, London, Eng.
died April 22, 1827, London


English painter and caricaturist who illustrated the life of 18th-century England and created comic images of familiar social types of his day, such as the antiquarian, the old maid, the blowsy barmaid, and the Grub Street hack. His characters ranged from the ridiculously pretentious, with their elaborate coiffures, widely frogged uniforms, and enormous bosoms and bottoms, to the merely pathetic, whose trailing handkerchiefs expressed their dejected attitudes.

The son of a tradesman, Rowlandson became a student in the Royal Academy. At age 16 he went to study in Paris. After establishing a studio as a portrait painter, he began to draw caricatures to supplement his income, and this soon became his major interest.

His series of drawings “The Schoolmaster's Tour,” accompanied by verses of William Combe, was published in the new Poetical Magazine (1809–11) launched by the art publisher Rudolph Ackermann, who was Rowlandson's chief employer. The same collaboration of designer, author, and publisher resulted in the popular Dr. Syntax series—Tourof Dr. Syntax in Search of the Picturesque (1812), The Second Tour of Dr. Syntax in Search of Consolation (1820), and The Third Tour of Dr. Syntax in Search of a Wife (1821). They also produced The English Dance of Death (1815–16) and The Dance of Life (1816–17). Rowlandson illustrated editions of novels by Tobias Smollett, Oliver Goldsmith, and Laurence Sterne.

Rowlandson's designs were usually executed in outline with a reed pen and delicately washed with colour. They werethen etched by the artist on copper and afterward aquatinted—usually by a professional engraver, the impressions being finally coloured by hand. Rowlandson compromised his reputation in his later years by producing a mass of inferior drawings. The works of his prime, however, are outstanding in the vitality of their outline and the gusto of their comment on human weaknesses.

 

 

 


Dinner
1787

 


Matrimonial Comforts – Washing Day, 1810

 


The Anatomist, 1811

 


Stolen Kisses

 


 „Boney and his New Wife, or a Quarrell about Nothing“
(caricature of Napoléon Bonaparte and his wife Marie Louise of Austria)

 


Amy Lyon (Emma Lady Hamilton)
 

 


Alehouse Politicians.
 

 


Amputation
 

 


Beauty and the Beast.
 

 


Comforts of Bath. Public Breakfast.
 

 


Comforts of Bath. The Artist's Studio.
 

 


Connoisseurs.
 

 


Sportsmen in the Dumps.
 

 

 


The Antiquarian.
 

 


"A Peep at the Gas-lights in Pall Mall", a humorous caricature of reactions
to the installation of the new invention of gas-burning street lighting on Pall-Mall, London.

 

 


Breaking Up of the Blue Stocking Club

 
 
 

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