The High Renaissance
 
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Mannerism
 


   

 

 
 
Correggio
 

 

 
 

Correggio

(b Correggio, ?1489; d Correggio, 5 March 1534).

Italian painter and draughtsman. Apart from his Venetian contemporaries, he was the most important northern Italian painter of the first half of the 16th century. His best-known works are the illusionistic frescoes in the domes of S Giovanni Evangelista and the cathedral in Parma, where he worked from 1520 to 1530. The combination of technical virtuosity and dramatic excitement in these works ensured their importance for later generations of artists. His altarpieces of the same period are equally original and ally intimacy of feeling with an ecstatic quality that seems to anticipate the Baroque. In his paintings of mythological subjects, especially those executed after his return to Correggio around 1530, he created images whose sensuality and abandon have been seen as foreshadowing the Rococo. Vasari wrote that Correggio was timid and virtuous, that family responsibilities made him miserly and that he died from a fever after walking in the sun. He left no letters and, apart from Vasari’s account, nothing is known of his character or personality beyond what can be deduced from his works. The story that he owned a manuscript of Bonaventura Berlinghieri’s Geographia, as well as his use of a latinized form of Allegri (Laetus), and his naming of his son after the humanist Pomponius Laetus, all suggest that he was an educated man by the standards of painters in this period. The intelligence of his paintings supports this claim. Relatively unknown in his lifetime, Correggio was to have an enormous posthumous reputation. He was revered by Federico Barocci and the Carracci, and throughout the 17th and 18th centuries his reputation rivalled that of Raphael.

 
 


The Mystic Marriage of Saint Catherine

 
 

 


Christ taking Leave of His Mother
1512
Oil on canvas 86.7 x 76.5 cm
National Gallery London

 


 


Assumption of the Virgin

1526-30
Fresco, 1093 x 1195 cm
Duomo, Parma


 

Assumption of the Virgin, detail of the Apostles

1526-30
Fresco
Duomo, Parma


 

Assumption of the Virgin, detail of angelic musicians

1526-30
Fresco
Duomo, Parma


 

The Apostles Peter and Paul, detail of cupola fresco

1520-24
Fresco
Church of San Giovanni Evangelista, Parma
 
 

Madonna della Scala

c. 1523
Fresco, 196 x 141,8 cm
Galleria Nazionale, Parma


 

Eve Offering the Apple
c. 1526-28


 

A Man Riding a Bull, and Other Figures


 

Head of Christ
1530


 

Saint Matthew
1523


 

Diana
c.1519
Fresco
San Paolo Camera Parma, Italy


 

Apostle Simon
(detail)
1520-1524
Fresco
San Giovanni Evangelista, Parma


 

John the Evangelist
(detail)
1520
Fresco
San Giovanni Evangelista, Parma
 

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