The Early Renaissance


   

 

 
Andrea
del Verrocchio
 
 
 

 

Andrea del Verrocchio

(b Florence, 1435; d Venice, ?30 June 1488).

Italian sculptor, painter, draughtsman and goldsmith. He was the leading sculptor in Florence in the second half of the 15th century, and his highly successful workshop, in which Leonardo da Vinci trained, had a far-reaching impact on younger generations. A wide range of patrons, including the Medici family, the Venetian State and the city council of Pistoia, commissioned works from him. Exceptionally versatile, Verrocchio was talented both as a sculptor—of monumental bronzes, silver figurines and marble reliefs—and as a painter of altarpieces. He was inspired by the contemporary interest in the Antique and in the study of nature, yet, approaching almost every project as a new challenge, developed new conceptions that often defied both traditional aesthetics and conventional techniques. His fountains, portrait busts and equestrian sculpture are indebted to an iconographic tradition rooted in the early 15th century and yet they are transformed by his original outlook. His funerary ensembles are unique, so that, despite the great admiration they inspired, they had no imitators. Though a highly important artist in his own right, Verrocchio has often had the misfortune of being seen as in the shadow of his pupil Leonardo.

 

 
 


The Young David

1473-75
Bronze, height: 125 cm
Museo Nazionale del Bargello, Florence
 

 
 


Portrait of a Woman

1475-80
Marble, height: 61 cm
Museo Nazionale del Bargello, Florence

 
 

Beheading of St John the Baptist
(detail of the altar)
1477-80
Silver
Baptistry, Florence
 
 

Christ and Doubting Thomas

1476-83
Bronze, height: 230 cm
Orsanmichele, Florence
 
 

Equestrian Statue of Colleoni

1480s
Gilded bronze, height: 395 cm (without base)
Campo di Santi Giovanni e Paolo, Venice
 
 

Giuliano de' Medici

1475-78
Terra cotta, 61 x 66 x 28,3 cm
National Gallery of Art, Washington
 
 

Lorenzo de Medici

1480
Painted terracotta
National Gallery of Art, Washington
 
 

Putto with Dolphin

c. 1470
Bronze, height: 125 cm
Palazzo Vecchio, Florence
 

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