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Bible



the sacred scriptures of Judaism and Christianity. The Christian Bible consists of the Old Testament and the New Testament (qq.v.), with the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox versions of the Old Testament being slightly larger because of their acceptance of certain books and parts of books considered apocryphal by Protestants. The Jewish Bible includes only the books known to Christians as the Old Testament. The arrangements of the Jewish and Christian canons differ considerably. The Protestant and Roman Catholic arrangements more nearly match one another.

Traditionally the Jews have divided their scriptures (i.e., the Old Testament) into three parts: the Torah (the “Law”), or Pentateuch; the Nevi'im (the “Prophets”); and the Ketuvim (the “Writings”), or Hagiographa. The Pentateuch, together with the book of Joshua (hence the name Hexateuch) can be seen as the account of how Israel became a nation and of how it possessed the Promised Land. The division designated as the “Prophets” continues the story of Israel in the Promised Land, describing the establishment and development of the monarchy and presenting the messages of the prophets to the people. The “Writings” include speculation on the place of evil and death in the scheme of things (Job and Ecclesiastes), the poetical works, and some additional historical books.

In the Apocrypha of the Old Testament, various types of literature are represented; the purpose of the Apocrypha seems to have been to fill in some of the gaps left by the indisputably canonical books and to carry the history of Israel to the 2nd century BC.

The New Testament is by far the shorter portion of the Christian Bible, but, through its associations with the spread of Christianity, it has wielded an influence far out of proportion to its modest size. Like the Old Testament, the New Testament is a collection of books, including a variety of early Christian literature. The four Gospels deal with the life, the person, and the teachings of Jesus, as he was remembered by the Christian community. The book of Acts carries the story of Christianity from the Resurrection of Jesus to the end of the career of Paul. The Letters, or Epistles, are correspondence by various leaders of the early Christian church, chief among them the Apostle Paul, applying the message of the church to the sundry needs and problems of early Christian congregations. The Book of Revelation (the Apocalypse) is the only canonical representative of a large genre of apocalyptic literature that appeared in the early Christian movement.



(Encyclopaedia Britannica)

 
 



 

 
 


Gustave Dore

 

born Jan. 6, 1832, Strasbourg, Fr.
died Jan. 23, 1883, Paris


French printmaker, one of the most prolific and successful book illustrators of the late 19th century, whose exuberant and bizarre fantasy created vast dreamlike scenes widely emulated by Romantic academicians.

In 1847 he went to Paris and from 1848 to 1851 produced weekly lithographic caricatures for the Journal pour Rire and several albums of lithographs (1847–54). His later fame rested on his wood-engraved book illustrations. Employing more than 40 woodcutters, he produced over 90 illustrated books. Among his finest were an edition of the Oeuvres de Rabelais (1854), Les Contes drolatiques of Balzac (1855), thelarge folio Bible (1866), and the Inferno of Dante (1861). He also painted many large compositions of a religious or historical character and had some success as a sculptor; his work in those media, however, lacks the spontaneous vivacity of his illustrations.
 


241 Bible Illustrations
 

by Gustave Dore

 

 

 


THE OLD TESTAMENT
 

 

Joshua burns the town of Ai
Joshua Committing the Town of Ai to the Flames
The army of the Amorites is destroyed
Destruction of the Army of the Amorites
Joshua commands the sun to stand still
Joshua Commanding the Sun to Stand Still
Jael slays Sisera
Jael and Sisera
Deborah blesses Jael
Deborah

Gideon selects his soldiers
Gideon Choosing His Soldiers

The rout of the Midianites
The Midianites Put to Flight
Death of Gideon’s sons
Death of the Sons of Gideon
Death of Abimelech
Death of Abimelech
Jephthah’s daughter
Jephthah's Daughter Coming to Meet Her Father
Jephthah’s daughter is mourned
The Daughters of Israel Lamenting the Daughter of Jephtah
Samson slays the lion
Samson Slaying a Lion
Samson slays the Philistines
Samson Destroying the Philistines with the Jawbone of an Ass
Samson and the gates of Gaza
Samson Carrying Away the Gates of Gaza
Samson and Delilah
Samson and Delilah
Samson destroys the temple
Death of Samson
The Levite finds a corpse
The Levite Finding the Corpse of the Woman
The Levite carries away the corpse
The Levite Bearing Away the Body of the Woman
The children of Benjamin carry away the virgins
The Children of Benjamin Carrying Off the Virgins of Jabesh-gilead
Ruth declares her love
Naomi and Her Daughters-in-Law
Ruth gleaning grain
Boaz and Ruth
The Ark is returned
Return of the Ark to Beth-shemesh
Samuel blesses Saul
Samuel Blessing Saul
Samuel slays Agag
Death of Agag
David slays Goliath
David and Goliath

 

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