Bible



the sacred scriptures of Judaism and Christianity. The Christian Bible consists of the Old Testament and the New Testament (qq.v.), with the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox versions of the Old Testament being slightly larger because of their acceptance of certain books and parts of books considered apocryphal by Protestants. The Jewish Bible includes only the books known to Christians as the Old Testament. The arrangements of the Jewish and Christian canons differ considerably. The Protestant and Roman Catholic arrangements more nearly match one another.

Traditionally the Jews have divided their scriptures (i.e., the Old Testament) into three parts: the Torah (the “Law”), or Pentateuch; the Nevi'im (the “Prophets”); and the Ketuvim (the “Writings”), or Hagiographa. The Pentateuch, together with the book of Joshua (hence the name Hexateuch) can be seen as the account of how Israel became a nation and of how it possessed the Promised Land. The division designated as the “Prophets” continues the story of Israel in the Promised Land, describing the establishment and development of the monarchy and presenting the messages of the prophets to the people. The “Writings” include speculation on the place of evil and death in the scheme of things (Job and Ecclesiastes), the poetical works, and some additional historical books.

In the Apocrypha of the Old Testament, various types of literature are represented; the purpose of the Apocrypha seems to have been to fill in some of the gaps left by the indisputably canonical books and to carry the history of Israel to the 2nd century BC.

The New Testament is by far the shorter portion of the Christian Bible, but, through its associations with the spread of Christianity, it has wielded an influence far out of proportion to its modest size. Like the Old Testament, the New Testament is a collection of books, including a variety of early Christian literature. The four Gospels deal with the life, the person, and the teachings of Jesus, as he was remembered by the Christian community. The book of Acts carries the story of Christianity from the Resurrection of Jesus to the end of the career of Paul. The Letters, or Epistles, are correspondence by various leaders of the early Christian church, chief among them the Apostle Paul, applying the message of the church to the sundry needs and problems of early Christian congregations. The Book of Revelation (the Apocalypse) is the only canonical representative of a large genre of apocalyptic literature that appeared in the early Christian movement.



(Encyclopaedia Britannica)

 
 



 

 
 

William Blake

(b London, 28 Nov 1757; d London, 12 Aug 1827).

English printmaker, painter and poet. His reputation as a visual artist increased during the 20th century to the extent that his art is as well known as his poetry. Yet in his own mind Blake never completely separated the two, and his most original work is to be found in hand-printed books of prophecy, which developed a personal mythology of limitless intellectual ambition. In these books, text and design are completely integrated in what he called ‘illuminated’ printing. He also made many pen and watercolour drawings, prints in various media and a small number of tempera paintings, but even in these his broader aims were primarily theological and philosophical: he saw the arts in all their forms as offering insights into the metaphysical world and therefore potentially redemptive of a humanity he believed to have fallen into materialism and doubt.
 

 


William Blake




The Book of Job

 

 
 

 





 


 

Our Father which art in Heaven
hallowed be thy Name

Thus did Job continually

There was a Man in the
Land of Uz whose Name
was Job & that Man
was perfect & upright

& one that feared God
& one that eschewed Evil & there
was born unto him Seven
Sons & Three Daughters

The Letter Killeth
The Spirit giveth Life

It is Spiritually Discerned

 


 

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I beheld the Ancient of Days

Hast thou considered my servant Job

The Angel of the Divine Presence

I shall see God

Thou art our Father

We shall awake up with thy Likeness

When the Almighty was yet with me,
When my  Children were about me

There was a day when the Sons of God
came to present themselves before
the Lord & Satan came also among
them to present himself

before the Lord.

 

 
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The Fire of God is
fallen from Heaven.

And the Lord said unto Satan Behold
All that he hath is in thy Power

Thy Sons & thy Daughters were eating
& drinking Wine in their
eldest Brothers house & behold there
came a great wind from the Wilderness
& smote upon the four faces of the house
& it fell upon the young Men
& they are Dead

 
 

 
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And there came a Messenger unto Job
& said
The Oxen were plowing
& the Sabeans came down
& they have slain the Young Men

with the Sword

Going to & fro in the Earth
& walking up & down in it

And I only am escaped alone to tell thee

While he was yet speaking there came
also another & said

The fire of God is fallen from heaven
& hath burned up the flocks & the
Young Men & consumed then; and I
only am escaped alone to tell thee

 


 

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