The Triumph of the City
 

 









The High Renaissance
 
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Mannerism
 
 



(Renaissance  Art Map)








 

 
 


S
chool of Fontainebleau



Toussaint Dubreuil


 

                
  
Fontainebleau school

[Fr. Ecole de Fontainebleau].

Term that encompasses work in a wide variety of media, including painting, sculpture, stuccowork and printmaking, produced from the 1530s to the first decade of the 17th century in France. It evokes an unreal and poetic world of elegant, elongated figures, often in mythological settings, as well as incorporating rich, intricate ornamentation with a characteristic type of strapwork. The phrase was first used by Adam von Bartsch in Le Peintre-graveur (21 vols, Vienna, 1803–21), referring to a group of etchings and engravings, some of which were undoubtedly made at Fontainebleau in France. More generally, it designates the art made to decorate the château of Fontainebleau, built from 1528 by Francis I and his successors, and by extension it covers all works that reflect the art of Fontainebleau.  With the re-evaluation of MANNERISM in the 20th century, the popularity of the Fontainebleau school has increased hugely. There has also been an accompanying increase in the difficulty of defining the term precisely. 

 

           

Toussaint Dubreuil

(b Paris, 1561; d Paris, 22 Nov 1602).

French painter and draughtsman. He was a pupil at Fontainebleau of Ruggiero de Ruggieri (d after 1597) and was also trained by Martin Freminet’s father Mederic Freminet, a rather mediocre painter in Paris. Dubreuil became Premier Peintre to Henry IV and is usually identified as a member of the so-called second Fontainebleau school, together with Ambroise Dubois and Martin Freminet. These artists were employed by the king to decorate the royal palaces, their functions being similar to those of Rosso Fiorentino and Primaticcio earlier at Fontainebleau under Francis I. Dubreuil’s death meant that many of the projects in which he was involved had to be completed by assistants. Despite this and the fact that the majority of his finished work has since been lost, he is considered an important link between the Mannerism of Primaticcio and the classicism of Nicolas Poussin and his contemporaries in the following century.

     
 

Angelique et Medor


 

Hyante et Climene a leur toilette
1594


 

 

Hyante et Climene offrant un sacrifice a Venus
1594


 

 

Portrait d'Henri IV en Hercule terrassant l'Hydre de Lerne
 

 

Dice offre un banquet a Francus
 

 

 

Cybele eveillant le Sommeil


 

 

Seated Cupid Holding a Bow
 

 

 

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