Official Art


(Neoclassicism, Romanticism and Art Styles in 19th century - Art Map)





Gustave Dore


born Jan. 6, 1832, Strasbourg, Fr.
died Jan. 23, 1883, Paris

French printmaker, one of the most prolific and successful book illustrators of the late 19th century, whose exuberant and bizarre fantasy created vast dreamlike scenes widely emulated by Romantic academicians.

In 1847 he went to Paris and from 1848 to 1851 produced weekly lithographic caricatures for the Journal pour Rire and several albums of lithographs (1847–54). His later fame rested on his wood-engraved book illustrations. Employing more than 40 woodcutters, he produced over 90 illustrated books. Among his finest were an edition of the Oeuvres de Rabelais (1854), Les Contes drolatiques of Balzac (1855), thelarge folio Bible (1866), and the Inferno of Dante (1861). He also painted many large compositions of a religious or historical character and had some success as a sculptor; his work in those media, however, lacks the spontaneous vivacity of his illustrations.


The History of the Crusades

Godfrey enters Jerusalem
Attacked by stones, arrows, and flames, Godfrey and his soldiers prevail over the Saracens and enter Jerusalem.
The discovery of the true cross
The Crusaders worship the true cross after it is found in Jerusalem and placed in the church of the Resurrection.
Godfrey imposes tribute upon emirs
Godfrey requests tributes from the emirs of Cæsarea, Ptolemais, and Ascalon to acknowledge their submission.
Gerard of Avesnes exposed on the walls of Asur
Gerard of Avesnes, a Christian knight, tied to a high mast
against the enemy wall and certain to die, begs Godfrey to save his life.
The massacre of Cæsarea
Baldwin storms the city of Cæsarea, ruthlessy killing all of the people.
Assault on the Saracens
In an impulsive attack on the Saracens, 200 Christian knights,
led by Baldwin, attack 20,000 Saracens and are surrounded and vanquished.
Death of Baldwin I, Latin King of Jerusalem
Hiding their sorrow, the Christians support Baldwin when he falls deathly ill in the desert between Egypt and Palestine.
Ilghazy gives Gauthier his life
The Turkish emir, Ilghazy, having massacred many prisoners, sends Gauthier,
the chancellor, to warn the Christians of the dangers they will face in Palestine.
Louis VII receives the Cross from St. Bernard of Clairvaux
Mesmerized by St Bernard’s eloquent speech, Louis VII falls at his feet and demands the cross.
Destruction of the Army of Conrad III
Fatigued and withered from lack of food, the Christian army of Conrad III of Germany
is decimated by the hardy infidels at Damascus.
Surprised by the Turks
Lurking on the precipice, the Turks ambush the Christians.
Louis VII
King Louis VII, one of the only surviving nobles on the battlefield, takes refuge against a rock.
A formidable leader, Saladin, sultan of Egypt, is respected by his enemies and idolized by his followers.
Glorious death of de Maillé, Marshal of the Temple
Jacques de Maillé, a knight of the Temple, struggles tenaciously against the Saracens,
refusing to succumb to his wounds.
Death of Frederick I of Germany
Frederick I of Germany, drowned in the river, is preserved for burial in Jerusalem.
The siege of Ptolemaïs
Desperately in need of reinforcements, the Christians rejoice at the sight of the ship bearing the cross.
The siege of Ptolemaïs
The Crusaders’ fury is sparked anew when Richard the Lion-Heart joins their forces,
uniting them to defeat the Muslims.
Richard the Lion-Heart massacres captives
Richard the Lion-Heart savagely massacres all the Muslim prisoners when
Saladin does not pay his ransom promptly.
Crusaders surrounded by Saladin’s army
The infidels advance upon the Crusaders, surrounding them on all sides.
Richard the Lion-Heart and Saladin at the battle of Arsuf
On the battlefield, the armies of Richard and Saladin are transformed into a crowded mob of soldiers.
Richard the Lion-Heart delivers Jaffa
Richard and his knights pursue the Saracens into the coast of Jaffa. 
Dandolo, Doge of Venice, preaches the Crusade
Dandolo, the astute 90-year-old doge of Venice, promises to supply ships and provisions
for a low fee in exchange for half of all eastern conquests. 
Emperor Alexius IV is poisoned and strangled
Mourzoufle poisons and strangles young Alexius, succeeding him as emperor. 
Mourzoufle parleys with Dandolo
Conferring with the doge on horseback, Greek nationalist Mourzoufle agrees
to give monetary support to the Crusaders, but refuses to comply with the Roman church. 
Entry of the Crusaders into Constantinople
The Crusaders invade Constantinople, killing everyone they encounter,
setting fire to the city and frightening the Greeks into retreating. 

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