Neoclassicism and Romanticism

 


(Neoclassicism, Romanticism and Art Styles in 19th century - Art Map)



 




Pierre-Paul Prud’hon



 


 
Pierre-Paul Prud’hon

(b Cluny, Saône-et-Loire, 4 April 1758; d Paris, 16 Feb 1823).

French painter and draughtsman. Prud’hon is best known for his allegorical paintings and portraits, most of which were done during the turbulent years of the Revolution (1789–99) and the heroic years of the First Empire (1804–15). It is paradoxical that, while actively supporting the rigorous social reforms of the Jacobins and seeking approval in Napoleonic circles, Prud’hon should have produced work that generally shows great charm and sentimental appeal; these qualities distinguish his oeuvre from the more austere Neo-classicism of David and his school and place him historically in close relation to an earlier 18th-century European tradition of sensibilité and to the Anacreontic manner that was fashionable with a number of artists working in Italy when he was there. His letters from Rome contain statements of admiration for the noble and graceful forms of ancient statuary and for the work of Raphael; but these are balanced by an equal admiration for the handling of expression by Leonardo da Vinci and Anton Raphael Mengs. Later, in Paris, while he analysed physiognomy and gesture in the work of Poussin, he also studied the subtle chiaroscuro in Correggio’s work and the tenebrist practice of Caravaggio and applied these to his mythological and religious works. Prud’hon’s style is thus characterized by a softer, more lyrical form of Neo-classicism and occasionally by a dark and disquieting Romanticism. His independence from his Parisian contemporaries can be attributed partly to his idiosyncratic choice of models for study and partly to influences from patrons and teachers during his formative years.

 


Minerve conduisant le genie des Arts a l'immortalite


 
 

La Glorification du gouvernement de Bourgogne
1786



 


Venus, l'Hymen et l'Amour
1793



 


The Union of Love and Friendship (Cupid and Psyche)
1793



 


Andromache and Astyanax
Oil on canvas
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York



 

The Happy Mother



 


The Empress Josephine



 


Constance Mayer in a Short Jacket



 


Nude Viewed from Behind

1810s
Black chalk with white highlights on blue paper
Forsyth Wickes Museum of Fine Arts, Boston

 
 

Nudo


 

Nudo


 

Nudo


 

Nudo


 

Female Nude


 

Venus
1812



 

Nude


 

Adonis


 

Cupid Seducing Innocence


 

Head of Divine Vengeance


 

Themis and Nemesis


 

Venus


 

Amours de Phrosine et Melidore


 

Boy with dog


 

Je ne me bats point contre un insense


 

Standing Female Nude


 

Standing Nude


 

Une lecture
 

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