Neoclassicism and Romanticism


(Neoclassicism, Romanticism and Art Styles in 19th ceytury - Art Map)




Romantic Era


The Pre-Raphaelite

19th - 20th Centuries



Henry Holiday

Thomas Matthews Rooke

Marie Spartali Stillman

John Melhuish Strudwick 

Kate Elizabeth Bunce 



Henry Holiday

(b London, 17 June 1839; d London, 15 April 1927).

English stained-glass artist, painter and illustrator. He studied painting in London at Leigh’s Art School and the Royal Academy Schools, where he was influenced by Pre-Raphaelitism. Contact with Dante Gabriel Rossetti’s circle and the architect William Burges introduced him to the applied arts, and from 1863 he worked primarily as a stained-glass artist, particularly in collaboration with the glass manufacturers James Powell & Sons and Heaton, Butler & Bayne. After visiting Italy in 1867 he abandoned his early Pre-Raphaelite style for one inspired by Classical and Renaissance art, aiming to create a ‘modern’ style of stained glass no longer dependent on medievalism. His memorial window (1868) to the engineer Isambard Kingdom Brunel in Westminster Abbey and the complete glazing scheme (1869–75) of St Mary Magdalene, Paddington, London, illustrate the expressive figure drawing and feeling for monumental scale characteristic of all his mature work. In 1891, dissatisfied with the working methods of the commercial stained-glass firms, he established his own workshop in Hampstead, London, and experimented successfully with making pot-metal glass. Many of Holiday’s later commissions were for American churches; his windows (1898–1925) in Holy Trinity, Manhattan, New York, reveal the influence of the Arts and Crafts Movement in their emphatic leading and use of richly textured glass. As a painter Holiday is best known for his Dante and Beatrice (1883; Liverpool, Walker A.G.); his most important illustrations are those for Lewis Carroll’s The Hunting of the Snark (1876). He also produced graphics in support of such social and political causes as Dress Reform and Irish Home Rule. In 1892 he became editor of Aglaia, the journal of the Healthy and Artistic Dress Union, contributing articles and illustrations.




Dante and Beatrice


The Duet


Thomas Matthews Rooke 



An Idyll


The Story of Ruth



Marie Spartali Stillman 



The Enchanted Garden of Messer Ansaldo


Feeding The Doves At Kelmscott Manor, Oxfordshire


The Long Walk At Kelmscott Manor, Oxfordshire




John Melhuish Strudwick 



Circe and Scylla


Isabella and the Pot of Basil


The Music of a Bygone Age



Kate Elizabeth Bunce 





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