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(Neoclassicism, Romanticism and Art Styles in 19th century - Art Map)


Franz Xavier Winterhalter


Franz Xavier Winterhalter

(b Menzenschwand, Baden Württemberg, 20 April 1805; d Frankfurt am Main, 8 July 1873).

German painter and lithographer. He trained as a draughtsman and lithographer in the workshop of Karl Ludwig Schüler (1785–1852) in Freiburg im Breisgau and went to Munich in 1823, sponsored by the industrialist Baron Eichtal. In 1825 he began a course of study at the Akademie and was granted a stipend by Ludwig I, Grand Duke of Baden. The theoretical approach to art of the Akademie under the direction of Peter Cornelius was unfamiliar to him, as in Freiburg he had been required to paint in a popular style. He found the stimulus for his future development in the studio of Joseph Stieler, a portrait painter who was much in demand and who derived inspiration from French painting. Winterhalter became his collaborator in 1825. From Stieler he learnt to make the heads of figures emerge from shadow and to use light in the modelling of faces. He moved to Karlsruhe in 1830 with his brother Hermann Winterhalter (1808–92), who had also trained with Schüler and had followed him to Munich.



A Swiss Girl from Interlaken


Helene Louise Elizabeth de Mecklembourg Schwerin,
Duchess D'Orleans with Prince Louis Philippe Albert D'Orleans, Comte de Paris


Princess Charlotte of Belgium


La Siesta


Prince Albert


Queen Victoria


Charlotte Stuart, Viscountess Canning


Madame Barbe de Rimsky-Korsakov


Louis Philippe Marie Ferdinand Gaston D'Orleans, Comte D'Eu


Prince Alfred and Princess Helena


The Empress Eugenie Surrounded by her Ladies in Waiting


Zofia Potocka, Countess Zamoyska


The Maharajah Duleep Singh


Elzbieta Branicka, Countess Krasinka and her Children


Portrait of a Lady


Alfred-Emilien, Comte de Nieuwerkerke


Alexandra, Princess of Wales

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