Developments in the 19th Century



 




Art Styles in 19th century - Art Map


 




SYMBOLISM

in

FRANCE




(Between Romanticism and Expressionism)

 




Emile Bernard

(1868 - 1941)

 

 

b Lille, 28 April 1868; d Paris, 15 April 1941.

French painter and writer. He was the son of a cloth merchant. Relations with his parents were never harmonious, and in 1884, against his father’s wishes, he enrolled as a student at the Atelier Cormon in Paris. There he became a close friend of Louis Anquetin and Toulouse-Lautrec. In suburban views of Asnières, where his parents lived, Bernard experimented with Impressionist and then Pointillist colour theory, in direct opposition to his master’s academic teaching; an argument with Fernand Cormon led to his expulsion from the studio in 1886. He made a walking tour of Normandy and Brittany that year, drawn to Gothic architecture and the simplicity of the carved Breton calvaries. In Concarneau he struck up a friendship with Claude-Emile Schuffenecker and met Gauguin briefly in Pont-Aven. During the winter Bernard met van Gogh and frequented the shop of the colour merchant Julien-François Tanguy, where he gained access to the little-known work of Cezanne.

 
   
The Three Races
1898
 
   
Arcadia
 
   
Les trois graces
1906
 
   
Street in Saint-Briac

 
   
Women bathing
 
   
Inside a Shop in Pont-Aven
 
   
The Annunciation


 
   
Breton women
 
   
Bord de mer en Bretagne
 
 

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