Developments in the 19th Century


Art Styles in 19th century - Art Map





(Between Romanticism and Expressionism)


Maurice de Vlaminck

(1876 - 1958)



Maurice de Vlaminck

(Encyclopaedia Britannica)

French painter whose experiments with pure, intense colour drawn straight from the tube and applied in thick daubs earned him a charter association with the Fauves.

Vlaminck was noted for his brash temperament as well as his flair for painting landscapes. His interest in art dated from 1895, withlessons in drawing and study of the Impressionists, and in 1899 he began sharing a studio with André Derain, who had been a friend from childhood. Vlaminck was also at various times a musician, actor, cyclist, and novelist.

In 1901 Vlaminck was overwhelmed by an exhibition of the art of Vincent van Gogh, whose works became a new influence; he also met Henri Matisse and first exhibited at the Salon des Indépendants, Paris. Though his work remained representational, its freer use of colour was moving in the innovative direction of Fauvism. In 1905 he participated in the controversial group show at the Salon d'Automne, when the term Fauve was first applied to canvases of bold colour, applied in a spontaneous and impulsive manner. By 1908, however, he had turned to painting landscapes of thickly applied grays, whites, and deep blues. His style moved closer to that of the final development of Paul Cézanne, and he gained a more solidly based sense of composition. About 1915 he began to achieve a personal, strongly stated, and thoroughly French Expressionist style.




Andre Derain

Maurice de Vlaminck


b Paris, 5 April 1876; d Rueil-la-Gadelière, Eure-et-Loir, 7 Oct 1958.

French painter, printmaker, draughtsman and writer. His nature, character, tastes and way of life were in perfect harmony with the freedom, daring and violence of his painting. He was brought up in a musical environment: his father, of Flemish origin, was a violin teacher and his mother, from Lorraine, was a piano teacher. He studied music himself to quite a high standard and later played the double-bass (and sometimes the bass drum, a source of considerable pleasure) in his regimental band. His family had come to live at Le Vésinet near Paris, and he spent his childhood both there and later at Chatou on the Seine. From 1892 he began to take an interest in painting, though he worked as a mechanic and became a racing cyclist.

The Bar
Woman with a Hat
Portrait of Guillaume Apollinaire
The Circus
Nu Couche
Maurice de Vlaminck Dancer from the Rat Mort
Barges on the Seine near Le Pecq 1906

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