Art Styles in 19th century - Art Map

 






John White Alexander


 



John White Alexander

1856-1915

(b Allegheny, PA, 7 Oct 1856; d New York, 31 May 1915).
 
American painter and illustrator. He began his career in New York in 1875 as a political cartoonist and illustrator for Harper’s Weekly. In 1877 he went to Paris for his first formal art training, and then to Munich, where he enrolled at the Kunstakademie under Gyuala Benczśr. In 1878 he joined a colony of American painters established by Frank Duveneck in Polling, Bavaria. In 1879 they travelled to Italy, where Alexander formed friendships with James McNeill Whistler and Henry James. In 1881 he returned to New York, working as an illustrator for Harper’s, as a drawing instructor at Princeton and as a highly successful society portrait painter. He also exhibited at the National Academy of Design. By 1893 his reputation in both Europe and America had soared, and in 1895 he was awarded a prestigious commission for a series of murals entitled the Evolution of the Book in the newly established Library of Congress in Washington, DC. After 1901 Alexander became deeply involved with the promotion of the arts in America. He won numerous mural commissions (e.g. Pittsburgh, PA, Carnegie Inst.; from 1905, unfinished) and continued to paint portraits.
 
 
 

Young Woman Arranging Her Hair
 


 

 

Gray Portrait20Gray Portrait
 


 


An Idle Moment
1885


 

 

Girl with Lilies


 

 

The Green Dress
1890


 

 

Josephine, the Breton Maid
1892
 


 

 

Fancy Dress
1895
 


 

 

Young Girl in Rose
1895
 


 


Repose
1895


 


Althea
1895


 


Black and Red
1896


 

 

Isabella and the Pot of Basil
1897
 

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